The Question is:
We are trying to migrate from a serial connect to TCPIP under HP Basic.
We are on OpenVMS 7.31, TCPIP 5.3, HP Basic 1.4 all running on an Alpha Server
We believe we are successfully converting "C" code examples found on the Web to
Basic, but hit a problem converting a String IP Address to the QIO 'p3' format.
Examples have shown that a call to the C function INET_ADDR should work.
However we have problems in linking to the TCPIP library.
My source code is as follows (program YYYY.BAS):
10 OPTION TYPE = EXPLICIT
external string function inet_addrstring by ref)
declare string w$
When linked using the following:
$ LINK YYYY/OPT
We receive the following error:
%LINK-W-USRTFR, image SYSDSK:[USERS.TPRICE]YYYY.EXE;30 has no user transfer
I'm sure it is a silly on my part, but nevertheless am stumped.
The Answer is :
When calling from BASIC, please use the $qio[w] interface
and not the C socket library. The C socket library is not
intended to be called from other languages. While $qio[w]
might initially appear more intimidating, it is far better
suited for mixed-language programming.
If you wish to learn about string descriptors and about C
null-terminated ASCII strings (ASCIZ strings), please see the
OpenVMS FAQ, the calling standard documentation, and the C
In particular, ASCIZ strings must have a null termination byte,
and strings (typically using string descriptors) managed by
BASIC, Fortran or other languages do not necessarily nor
reliably provide the trailing null byte.
The LINKER USRTFR error indicates that there is no starting
module for the image. You will want to provide an object
module (directly, or extracted from an object library as
part of the LINKER command) as a starting point for the
execution of the code.
If you do persist in calling the C RTL from a program that
does not have a C main program, please see and use the C
RTL initialization call. (This call is intended for non-C
programs that call C routines, not non-C calls into the
C RTL -- again, this is unsupported. Initialization of
the C RTL is necessary here, however.)
There should be examples of calling various services from
BASIC in the AskQ library, and a pointer to AskQ is present
in the OpenVMS FAQ in the section discussing finding source