HP OpenVMS Systems Documentation

Content starts here C.1 DEC Multinational Character Set
HP OpenVMS I/O User’s Reference Manual: OpenVMS Version 8.4 > Appendix C DEC Multinational Character Set and Terminal Escape Sequences/Modes

C.1 DEC Multinational Character Set

Table C-1 lists the DEC Multinational character set. The DEC Multinational character set is an 8-bit character set with 256 characters. The first 128 characters in the set correspond to the ASCII character set. The VAX EDT Reference Manual lists the graphics for these characters and describes how to enter them from various types of terminals.

Table C-1 DEC Multinational Character Set

Hex CodeOctal CodeDecimal CodeChar or Abbrev. Description
ASCII Control Characters[1]

00

000

000

NUL

null character

01

001

001

SOH

start of heading (Ctrl/A)

02

002

002

STX

start of text (Ctrl/B)

03

003

003

ETX

end of text (Ctrl/C)

04

004

004

EOT

end of transmission (Ctrl/D)

05

005

005

ENQ

enquiry (Ctrl/E)

06

006

006

ACK

acknowledge (Ctrl/F)

07

007

007

BEL

bell (Ctrl/G)

08

010

008

BS

backspace (Ctrl/H)

09

011

009

HT

horizontal tabulation (Ctrl/I)

0A

012

010

LF

line feed (Ctrl/J)

0B

013

011

VT

vertical tabulation (Ctrl/K)

0C

014

012

FF

form feed (Ctrl/L)

0D

015

013

CR

carriage return (Ctrl/M)

0E

016

014

SO

shift out (Ctrl/N)

0F

017

015

SI

shift in (Ctrl/O)

10

020

016

DLE

data link escape (Ctrl/P)

11

021

017

DC1

device control 1 (Ctrl/Q)

12

022

018

DC2

device control 2 (Ctrl/R)

13

023

019

DC3

device control 3 (Ctrl/S)

14

024

020

DC4

device control 4 (Ctrl/T)

15

025

021

NAK

negative acknowledge (Ctrl/U)

16

026

022

SYN

synchronous idle (Ctrl/V)

17

027

023

ETB

end of transmission block (Ctrl/W)

18

030

024

CAN

cancel (Ctrl/X)

19

031

025

EM

end of medium (Ctrl/Y)

1A

032

026

SUB

substitute (Ctrl/Z)

1B

033

027

ESC

escape

1C

034

028

FS

file separator

1D

035

029

GS

group separator

1E

036

030

RS

record separator

1F

037

031

US

unit separator

ASCII Special and Numeric Characters

20

040

032

SP

space

21

041

033

!

exclamation point

22

042

034

'

quotation marks (double quote)

23

043

035

#

number sign

24

044

036

$

dollar sign

25

045

037

%

percent sign

26

046

038

&

ampersand

27

047

039

'

apostrophe (single quote)

28

050

040

(

opening parenthesis

29

051

041

)

closing parenthesis

2A

052

042

*

asterisk

2B

053

043

+

plus

2C

054

044

,

comma

2D

055

045

hyphen or minus

2E

056

046

.

period or decimal point

2F

057

047

/

slash

30

060

048

0

zero

31

061

049

1

one

32

062

050

2

two

33

063

051

3

three

34

064

052

4

four

35

065

053

5

five

36

066

054

6

six

37

067

055

7

seven

38

070

056

8

eight

39

071

057

9

nine

3A

072

058

:

colon

3B

073

059

;

semicolon

3C

074

060

<

less than

3D

075

061

=

equals

3E

076

062

>

greater than

3F

077

063

?

question mark

ASCII Alphabetic Characters

40

100

064

@

commercial at sign

41

101

065

A

uppercase A

42

102

066

B

uppercase B

43

103

067

C

uppercase C

44

104

068

D

uppercase D

45

105

069

E

uppercase E

46

106

070

F

uppercase F

47

107

071

G

uppercase G

48

110

072

H

uppercase H

49

111

073

I

uppercase I

4A

112

074

J

uppercase J

4B

113

075

K

uppercase K

4C

114

076

L

uppercase L

4D

115

077

M

uppercase M

4E

116

078

N

uppercase N

4F

117

079

O

uppercase O

50

120

080

P

uppercase P

51

121

081

Q

uppercase Q

52

122

082

R

uppercase R

53

123

083

S

uppercase S

54

124

084

T

uppercase T

55

125

085

U

uppercase U

56

126

086

V

uppercase V

57

127

087

W

uppercase W

58

130

088

X

uppercase X

59

131

089

Y

uppercase Y

5A

132

090

Z

uppercase Z

5B

133

091

[

left bracket

5C

134

092

\

backslash

5D

135

093

]

right bracket

5E

136

094

^

circumflex

5F

137

095

_

underscore

60

140

096

`

grave accent

61

141

097

a

lowercase a

62

142

098

b

lowercase b

63

143

099

c

lowercase c

64

144

100

d

lowercase d

65

145

101

e

lowercase e

66

146

102

f

lowercase f

67

147

103

g

lowercase g

68

150

104

h

lowercase h

69

151

105

i

lowercase i

6A

152

106

j

lowercase j

6B

153

107

k

lowercase k

6C

154

108

l

lowercase l

6D

155

109

m

lowercase m

6E

156

110

n

lowercase n

6F

157

111

o

lowercase o

70

160

112

p

lowercase p

71

161

113

q

lowercase q

72

162

114

r

lowercase r

73

163

115

s

lowercase s

74

164

116

t

lowercase t

75

165

117

u

lowercase u

76

166

118

v

lowercase v

77

167

119

w

lowercase w

78

170

120

x

lowercase x

79

171

121

y

lowercase y

7A

172

122

z

lowercase z

7B

173

123

{

left brace

7C

174

124

|

vertical line

7D

175

125

}

right brace (ALTMODE)

7E

176

126

~

tilde (ALTMODE)

7F

177

127

DEL

rubout (DELETE)

80

200

128

[reserved]

81

201

129

[reserved]

82

202

130

[reserved]

83

203

131

[reserved]

84

204

132

IND

index

85

205

133

NEL

next line

86

206

134

SSA

start of selected area

87

207

135

ESA

end of started area

88

210

136

HTS

horizontal tab set

89

211

137

HTJ

horizontal tab set with justification

8A

212

138

VTS

vertical tab set

8B

213

139

PLD

partial line down

8C

214

140

PLU

partial line up

8D

215

141

RI

reverse index

8E

216

142

SS2

single shift 2

8F

217

143

SS3

single shift 3

90

220

144

DCS

device control string

91

221

145

PU1

private use 1

92

222

146

PU2

private use 2

93

223

147

STS

set transmit state

94

224

148

CCH

cancel character

95

225

149

MW

message waiting

96

226

150

SPA

start of protected area

97

227

151

EPA

end of protected area

98

230

152

[reserved]

99

231

153

[reserved]

9A

232

154

[reserved]

9B

233

155

CSI

control sequence introducer

9C

234

156

ST

string terminator

9D

235

157

OSC

operating system command

9E

236

158

PM

privacy message

9F

237

159

APC

application

A0

240

160

[reserved]

A1

241

161

inverted exclamation point

A2

242

162

cent sign

A3

243

163

pound sign

A4

244

164

[reserved]

A5

245

165

yen sign

A6

246

166

[reserved]

A7

247

167

section sign

A8

250

168

general currency sign

A9

251

169

copyright sign

AA

252

170

feminine ordinal indicator

AB

253

171

<<

angle quotation mark left

AC

254

172

[reserved]

AD

255

173

[reserved]

AE

256

174

[reserved]

AF

257

175

[reserved]

B0

260

176

degree sign

B1

261

177

plus/minus sign

B2

262

178

superscript 2

B3

263

179

superscript 3

B4

264

180

[reserved]

B5

265

181

micro sign

B6

266

182

paragraph sign, pilcrow

B7

267

183

placeholder

middle dot

B8

270

184

[reserved]

B9

271

185

superscript 1

BA

272

186

masculine ordinal indicator

BB

273

187

>>

angle quotation mark right

BC

274

188

1/4

fraction one-quarter

BD

275

189

1/2

fraction one-half

BE

276

190

[reserved]

BF

277

191

inverted question mark

C0

300

192

uppercase A with grave accent

C1

301

193

uppercase A with acute accent

C2

302

194

uppercase A with circumflex

C3

303

195

uppercase A with tilde

C4

304

196

uppercase A with umlaut (diaeresis)

C5

305

197

uppercase A with ring

C6

306

198

AE

uppercase AE diphthong

C7

307

199

uppercase C with cedilla

C8

310

200

uppercase E with grave accent

C9

311

201

uppercase E with acute accent

CA

312

202

uppercase E with circumflex

CB

313

203

uppercase E with umlaut (diaeresis)

CC

314

204

uppercase I with grave accent

CD

315

205

uppercase I with acute accent

CE

316

206

uppercase I with circumflex

CF

317

207

uppercase I with umlaut (diaeresis)

D0

320

208

[reserved]

D1

321

209

uppercase N with tilde

D2

322

210

uppercase O with grave accent

D3

323

211

uppercase O with acute accent

D4

324

212

uppercase O with circumflex

D5

325

213

uppercase O with tilde

D6

326

214

uppercase O with umlaut (diaeresis)

D7

327

215

OE

uppercase OE ligature

D8

330

216

uppercase O with slash

D9

331

217

uppercase U with grave accent

DA

332

218

uppercase U with acute accent

DB

333

219

uppercase U with circumflex

DC

334

220

uppercase U with umlaut (diaeresis)

DD

335

221

Ÿ

uppercase Y with umlaut (diaeresis)

DE

336

222

[reserved]

DF

337

223

B

German lowercase sharp s

E0

340

224

lowercase a with grave accent

E1

341

225

lowercase a with acute accent

E2

342

226

lowercase a with circumflex

E3

343

227

lowercase a with tilde

E4

344

228

lowercase a with umlaut (diaeresis)

E5

345

229

lowercase a with ring

E6

346

230

lowercase ae diphthong

E7

347

231

lowercase c with cedilla

E8

350

232

lowercase e with grave accent

E9

351

233

lowercase e with acute accent

EA

352

234

lowercase e with circumflex

EB

353

235

lowercase e with umlaut (diaeresis)

EC

354

236

lowercase i with grave accent

ED

355

237

lowercase i with acute accent

EE

356

238

lowercase i with circumflex

EF

357

239

lowercase i with umlaut (diaeresis)

F0

360

240

[reserved]

F1

361

241

lowercase n with tilde

F2

362

242

lowercase o with grave accent

F3

363

243

lowercase o with acute accent

F4

364

244

lowercase o with circumflex

F5

365

245

lowercase o with tilde

F6

366

246

lowercase o with umlaut (diaeresis)

F7

367

247

oe

lowercase oe ligature

F8

370

248

lowercase o with slash

F9

371

249

lowercase u with grave accent

FA

372

250

lowercase u with acute accent

FB

373

251

lowercase u with circumflex

FC

374

252

lowercase u with umlaut (diaeresis)

FD

375

253

lowercase y with umlaut (diaeresis)

FE

376

254

[reserved]

FF

377

255

[reserved]

[1] The ALTMODE and DELETE characters (decimal 125, 126, and 127) are also control characters.