There are several types of passwords recognized
by the OpenVMS operating system. In general, you need to provide a user password when you log in. In some cases, you might
also need to provide a system password to gain
access to a particular terminal before logging in with your user password.
If you are using a system with high security requirements, you might
need to provide a primary password and a secondary password.
If you are an externally authenticated user with external authentication enabled on your system, you enter
your external password at the OpenVMS password prompt. See “Enabling External Authentication” for more
information. “Types of Passwords” describes each type of password.
Table 3-2 Types of Passwords
| Password|| Description|
Required for most accounts.
After you enter your user name, you are prompted for a password. If
the account requires both primary and secondary passwords, you must
enter two passwords.
Controls access to particular
terminals and is required at the discretion of the security administrator.
System passwords are usually necessary to control access to terminals
that might be targets for unauthorized use, such as dialup and public
of two user passwords to be entered for an account requiring both
primary and secondary passwords.
The second of two user passwords
to be entered for an account requiring both primary and secondary
passwords. The secondary password provides an additional level of
security on user accounts.
Typically, the general user does not know the secondary
password; a supervisor or other key person must be present to supply
it. For certain applications, the supervisor may also decide to remain
present while the account is in use. Thus, secondary passwords facilitate
controlled logins and the actions taken after a login.
passwords can be time-consuming and inconvenient. They are justified
only at sites with maximum security requirements. An example of an
account that justifies dual passwords would be one that bypasses normal
access controls to permit emergency repair to a database.
Entering a System Password
Your security administrator will tell you if you
must specify a system password to log in to one or more of the terminals
designated for your use. Ask your security administrator for the current
system password, how often it changes, and how to obtain the new system
password when it does change.
To specify a system password, do the following:
Press the Return key until
the terminal responds with the recognition character, which is normally
Enter the system password,
and press Return.
As this example shows, there is no prompt and
no echo of the characters you type. If you fail to specify the correct
system password, the system does not notify you. (Initially, you might
think the system is malfunctioning unless you know that a system password
is required at that terminal.) If you do not receive a response from
the system, assume that you have entered the wrong password, and try
When you enter the correct
system password, you receive the system announcement message, if there
is one, followed by the Username: prompt.
MAPLE - A member of the Forest ClusterUnauthorized Access Is Prohibited
Entering a Secondary Password
Your security administrator decides whether to
require the use of secondary passwords for your account at the time
your account is created. When your account requires primary and secondary
passwords, you need two passwords to log in. Minimum password length,
which the security administrator specifies in your UAF record, applies
to both passwords.
An example of a login requiring primary and secondary
WILLOW - A member of the Forest Cluster
Welcome to OpenVMS on node WILLOW
Last interactive login on Friday, 12-DEC-2008 10:22
As with a single password login, the system allots
a limited amount of time for the entire login. If you do not enter
a secondary password in time, the login period expires.