HP OpenVMS Systems Documentation

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HP Open Source Security for OpenVMS Volume 2: HP SSL for OpenVMS > OpenSSL Command Line Interface (CLI) Reference

rsautl

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NAME

rsautl — RSA utility

Synopsis

openssl rsautl [-in file] [-out file] [-inkey file] [-pubin] [-certin] [-sign] [-verify] [-encrypt] [-decrypt] [-pkcs] [-ssl] [-raw] [-hexdump] [-asn1parse]

DESCRIPTION

The rsautl command can be used to sign, verify, encrypt and decrypt data using the RSA algorithm.

COMMAND OPTIONS

  • -in filename

    This specifies the input filename to read data from or standard input if this option is not specified.

  • -out filename

    specifies the output filename to write to or standard output by default.

  • -inkey file

    the input key file, by default it should be an RSA private key.

  • -pubin

    the input file is an RSA public key.

  • -certin

    the input is a certificate containing an RSA public key.

  • -sign

    sign the input data and output the signed result. This requires and RSA private key.

  • -verify

    verify the input data and output the recovered data.

  • -encrypt

    encrypt the input data using an RSA public key.

  • -decrypt

    decrypt the input data using an RSA private key.

  • -pkcs, -oaep, -ssl, -raw

    the padding to use: PKCS#1 v1.5 (the default), PKCS#1 OAEP, special padding used in SSL v2 backwards compatible handshakes, or no padding, respectively. For signatures, only -pkcs and -raw can be used.

  • -hexdump

    hex dump the output data.

  • -asn1parse

    asn1parse the output data, this is useful when combined with the -verify option.

NOTES

rsautl because it uses the RSA algorithm directly can only be used to sign or verify small pieces of data.

EXAMPLES

Sign some data using a private key:

 openssl rsautl -sign -in file -inkey key.pem -out sig

Recover the signed data

 openssl rsautl -verify -in sig -inkey key.pem

Examine the raw signed data:

 openssl rsautl -verify -in file -inkey key.pem -raw -hexdump

0000 - 00 01 ff ff ff ff ff ff-ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ................
0010 - ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff-ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ................
0020 - ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff-ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ................
0030 - ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff-ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ................
0040 - ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff-ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ................
0050 - ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff-ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ................
0060 - ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff-ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ................
0070 - ff ff ff ff 00 68 65 6c-6c 6f 20 77 6f 72 6c 64 .....hello world

The PKCS#1 block formatting is evident from this. If this was done using encrypt and decrypt the block would have been of type 2 (the second byte) and random padding data visible instead of the 0xff bytes.

It is possible to analyse the signature of certificates using this utility in conjunction with asn1parse. Consider the self signed example in certs/pca-cert.pem . Running asn1parse as follows yields:

 openssl asn1parse -in pca-cert.pem

0:d=0 hl=4 l= 742 cons: SEQUENCE
4:d=1 hl=4 l= 591 cons: SEQUENCE
8:d=2 hl=2 l= 3 cons: cont [ 0 ]
10:d=3 hl=2 l= 1 prim: INTEGER :02
13:d=2 hl=2 l= 1 prim: INTEGER :00
16:d=2 hl=2 l= 13 cons: SEQUENCE
18:d=3 hl=2 l= 9 prim: OBJECT :md5WithRSAEncryption
29:d=3 hl=2 l= 0 prim: NULL
31:d=2 hl=2 l= 92 cons: SEQUENCE
33:d=3 hl=2 l= 11 cons: SET
35:d=4 hl=2 l= 9 cons: SEQUENCE
37:d=5 hl=2 l= 3 prim: OBJECT :countryName
42:d=5 hl=2 l= 2 prim: PRINTABLESTRING :AU
....
599:d=1 hl=2 l= 13 cons: SEQUENCE
601:d=2 hl=2 l= 9 prim: OBJECT :md5WithRSAEncryption
612:d=2 hl=2 l= 0 prim: NULL
614:d=1 hl=3 l= 129 prim: BIT STRING

The final BIT STRING contains the actual signature. It can be extracted with:

 openssl asn1parse -in pca-cert.pem -out sig -noout -strparse 614

The certificate public key can be extracted with:

openssl x509 -in test/testx509.pem -pubout -noout >pubkey.pem

The signature can be analysed with:

 openssl rsautl -in sig -verify -asn1parse -inkey pubkey.pem -pubin

0:d=0 hl=2 l= 32 cons: SEQUENCE
2:d=1 hl=2 l= 12 cons: SEQUENCE
4:d=2 hl=2 l= 8 prim: OBJECT :md5
14:d=2 hl=2 l= 0 prim: NULL
16:d=1 hl=2 l= 16 prim: OCTET STRING
0000 - f3 46 9e aa 1a 4a 73 c9-37 ea 93 00 48 25 08 b5 .F...Js.7...H%..

This is the parsed version of an ASN1 DigestInfo structure. It can be seen that the digest used was md5. The actual part of the certificate that was signed can be extracted with:

 openssl asn1parse -in pca-cert.pem -out tbs -noout -strparse 4

and its digest computed with:

 openssl md5 -c tbs
MD5(tbs)= f3:46:9e:aa:1a:4a:73:c9:37:ea:93:00:48:25:08:b5

which it can be seen agrees with the recovered value above.

SEE ALSO

dgst(1), rsa(1), genrsa(1)