HP OpenVMS Systems Documentation

Content starts here
HP Open Source Security for OpenVMS Volume 2: HP SSL for OpenVMS > OpenSSL Command Line Interface (CLI) Reference

asn1parse

  Table of Contents

  Index

NAME

asn1parse — ASN.1 parsing tool

Synopsis

openssl asn1parse [-inform PEM|DER] [-in filename] [-out filename] [-noout] [-offset number] [-length number] [-i] [-oid filename] [-strparse offset]

DESCRIPTION

The asn1parse command is a diagnostic utility that can parse ASN.1 structures. It can also be used to extract data from ASN.1 formatted data.

OPTIONS

  • -inform DER|PEM

    the input format. DER is binary format and PEM (the default) is base64 encoded.

  • -in filename

    the input file, default is standard input

  • -out filename

    output file to place the DER encoded data into. If this option is not present then no data will be output. This is most useful when combined with the -strparse option.

  • -noout

    don't output the parsed version of the input file.

  • -offset number

    starting offset to begin parsing, default is start of file.

  • -length number

    number of bytes to parse, default is until end of file.

  • -i

    indents the output according to the "depth" of the structures.

  • -oid filename

    a file containing additional OBJECT IDENTIFIERs (OIDs). The format of this file is described in the NOTES section below.

  • -strparse offset

    parse the contents octets of the ASN.1 object starting at offset. This option can be used multiple times to "drill down" into a nested structure.

OUTPUT

The output will typically contain lines like this:

  0:d=0  hl=4 l= 681 cons: SEQUENCE          

.....

  229:d=3  hl=3 l= 141 prim: BIT STRING        
373:d=2 hl=3 l= 162 cons: cont [ 3 ]
376:d=3 hl=3 l= 159 cons: SEQUENCE
379:d=4 hl=2 l= 29 cons: SEQUENCE
381:d=5 hl=2 l= 3 prim: OBJECT :X509v3 Subject Key Identifier
386:d=5 hl=2 l= 22 prim: OCTET STRING
410:d=4 hl=2 l= 112 cons: SEQUENCE
412:d=5 hl=2 l= 3 prim: OBJECT :X509v3 Authority Key Identifier
417:d=5 hl=2 l= 105 prim: OCTET STRING
524:d=4 hl=2 l= 12 cons: SEQUENCE

.....

This example is part of a self signed certificate. Each line starts with the offset in decimal. d=XX specifies the current depth. The depth is increased within the scope of any SET or SEQUENCE.

h1=XX gives the header length (tag and length octets) of the current type. l=XX gives the length of the contents octets.

The -i option can be used to make the output more readable.

Some knowledge of the ASN.1 structure is needed to interpret the output.

In this example the BIT STRING at offset 229 is the certificate public key. The contents octets of this will contain the public key information. This can be examined using the option -strparse 229 to yield:

    0:d=0  hl=3 l= 137 cons: SEQUENCE          
3:d=1 hl=3 l= 129 prim: INTEGER :E5D21E1F5C8D208EA7A2166C7FAF9F6BDF2059669C60876DDB70840F1A5AAFA59699FE471F379F1DD6A487E7D5409AB6A88D4A9746E24B91D8CF55DB3521015460C8EDE44EE8A4189F7A7BE77D6CD3A9AF2696F486855CF58BF0EDF2B4068058C7A947F52548DDF7E15E96B385F86422BEA9064A3EE9E1158A56E4A6F47E5897
135:d=1 hl=2 l= 3 prim: INTEGER :010001

NOTES

If an OID is not part of OpenSSL's internal table it will be represented in numerical form (for example 1.2.3.4). The file passed to the -oid option allows additional OIDs to be included. Each line consists of three columns, the first column is the OID in numerical format and should be followed by white space. The second column is the "short name" which is a single word followed by white space. The final column is the rest of the line and is the "long name". asn1parse displays the long name. Example:

1.2.3.4 shortName A long name

Restrictions

There should be options to change the format of input lines. The output of some ASN.1 types is not well handled (if at all).