HP OpenVMS Systems Documentation

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HP OpenVMS Version 8.3 Upgrade and Installation Manual


  Table of Contents



This glossary defines key terms in the context of an OpenVMS computing environment.



Advanced Server for OpenVMS 

Supported on OpenVMS Alpha systems only, an OpenVMS-based network operating system compatible with Microsoft networking technology. Allows OpenVMS systems to be file and print servers for LWindows desktop users. These users can use Microsoft products and utilities such as Windows Explorer to access file and print resources. Also provides a flexible system for network administration and security. This product supports OpenVMS ODS-5 disk volumes and Extended File Specifications.

See also PATHWORKS for Advanced Server (OpenVMS).

Availability Manager 

A system management tool that enables the system manager to monitor one or more OpenVMS nodes on an extended LAN from an OpenVMS, Windows 2000, or Windows XP system. Availability Manager helps system managers and analysts target a specific node for analysis. The tool collects system and process data from multiple nodes simultaneously; it analyzes the data and displays the output. The Availability Manager (base) software installed with OpenVMS provides the data collection components that allow the system to be monitored by the Availability Manager and by DECamds.


Baseboard Management Controller (BMC) 

A utility provided with HP Integrity servers that allows you to control some management features built into the system board, such as diagnostics, configuration, and hardware management. It enables you to interact with the Extensible Firmware Interface (EFI) and to boot the OpenVMS operating system.

See also Extensible Firmware Interface (EFI), Management Processor (MP).


Boot-is-blocked. The state of a cell (on a cell-based Integrity server) that is powered on but not allowed to boot. When all cells assigned to an nPartition are at the BIB state, the nPartition is inactive and no software can run on the nPartition until it is manually booted past BIB.

See also cell, nPartition.

boot server 

A boot server downloads the system software required by a client system. A TCP boot server (TCP/IP Services for OpenVMS BOOTP server) is the host that centralizes configuration and management of an IP address database, such as is used for OpenVMS InfoServer client booting and satellite booting. For satellite booting, the boot server is part of an OpenVMS Cluster; it includes either a MOP server (for OpenVMS Alpha systems) or a BOOTP/TFTP server (for OpenVMS I64 systems), and a disk server for the satellite system disk.

See also InfoServer, satellite node.

boot, bootstrap 

The process of loading system software into a processor's main memory. This guide uses the term boot to refer to this process.



Also known as a cell board: a circuit board that is the basic building block of an nPartition in a server complex (such as any HP midrange and high-end Integrity servers). A cell consists of a symmetric multiprocessor and memory.

See also cell-based server, nPartition (node partition), server complex, virtual partition.

cell-based server 

A hardware complex that can run one or more operating systems and that supports dividing hardware resources into nPartitions. All processors and memory are contained in cells, each of which can be assigned for exclusive use by an nPartition.

See also cell, nPartition (node partition), server complex, virtual partition.

CI-only cluster 

A computer system consisting of several computers attached to a computer interconnect (CI) through which it communicates with other computers in the cluster. These computers share a single file system. CI provides redundant paths.

See also DSSI-only cluster.

Common Data Security Architecture (CDSA) 

A multiplatform, Open Source security infrastructure. CDSA provides a stable, standards-based programming interface that enables applications to access operating system security services. With CDSA, you can create cross-platform, security-enabled applications. Beginning with Version 2.2, CDSA includes support of Secure Delivery and HRS (Human Recognition Service Standard). CDSA is automatically installed with the operating system. For more information about CDSA, see the HP Open Source Security for OpenVMS, Volume 1: Common Data Security Architecture manual.

See also Secure Delivery, HRS (Human Recognition Service Standard).


See server complex..

computer interconnect (CI)  

A type of I/O subsystem. It links computers to each other and to HSx devices (for example, an HSJ or HSG).

concurrent upgrade 

The entire OpenVMS Cluster is shut down and unusable while upgrading each system disk. When the cluster reboots, all cluster members start up the upgraded version of the OpenVMS operating system.


The actual data processing engine within a cell-based processor. A single processor can have multiple cores. Also referred to as a logical CPU.

core I/O  

Provides the base set of I/O functions required by every nPartition on a cell-based Integrity server. Includes the partition console interface and the network interface.

See also cell, cell-based server, nPartition.


DECnet Phase IV  

Networking software that allows OpenVMS systems to participate in network task-to-task communications to transfer and copy files, print files, and run applications. DECnet Phase IV networking capabilities are defined in the DIGITAL Network Architecture (DNA) Phase IV. A system-integrated product (SIP), DECnet for OpenVMS I64 is a component of  the Foundation Operating Environment (FOE) on the Integrity servers license bundle.

See also DECnet-Plus, TCP/IP Services for OpenVMS.


Formerly known as DECnet/OSI, DECnet-Plus is the networking software that offers the capabilities defined in the DIGITAL Network Architecture (DNA) Phase V protocols. DECnet-Plus provides the newest DECnet features such as extended addressing and downline-load performance enhancements. DECnet-Plus integrates DECnet and OSI protocols and provides a linkage to TCP/IP. DECnet-Plus for OpenVMS I64 is a component of the Foundation Operating Environment (FOE) on the Integrity servers license bundle.

See also DECnet Phase IV, TCP/IP Services for OpenVMS.

DECwindows Motif for OpenVMS 

A layered product that provides support for both OSF/Motif, a standards-based graphical user interface, and the X user interface (XUI) in a single, run-time and development environment. DECwindows Motif displays the OSF/Motif user interface, but applications written on either toolkit will run regardless of the environment selected by the user.

device name 

The name used to identify a device on the system. A device name indicates the device code, controller designation, and unit number, such as DKA0, where DK is the device code, A is the boot device controller designation, and 0 is the unit number on the boot device.

diagnostic partition 

When present on an OpenVMS I64 system disk, this partition corresponds to the contents of SYS$MAINTENANCE:SYS$DIAGNOSTICS.SYS on the disk. The diagnostic partition and its contents are intended and reserved for use by HP Services. Customer access and use is not supported.

disk server 

A computer within a local area cluster that provides an access path to CI, DSSI, and locally connected disks for other computers that do not have a direct connection.

DSSI-only cluster 

A computer system consisting of several computers attached to a Digital Storage System Interconnect (DSSI) through which it communicates with other computers in the cluster. These computers share a single file system. DSSI is a medium-bandwidth interconnect that OpenVMS Alpha nodes can use to access peripherals (such as disks and tapes).

See also CI-only cluster.



A process implemented for data confidentiality that converts sensitive or otherwise private data to an unintelligible form called cipher-text. Decryption reverses the process, taking the unintelligible cipher-text and converting the data back into its original form, called plaintext. Encryption and decryption are also known as encipher and decipher. Encryption for OpenVMS software is based on the Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) alogrithm and is integrated with the operating system. This allows OpenVMS users, system managers, security managers, or programmers to secure their files, save sets, or application data with AES Encryption.

Enterprise Operating Environment (EOE)  

The tier of the Operating Environment for OpenVMS for Integrity Servers that offers everything offered by the Foundation Operating Environment (FOE) plus system management capabilities and volume shadowing.

See also Operating Environments (OE) for OpenVMS for Integrity Servers, Foundation Operating Environment (FOE), and Mission Critical Operating Environment (MCOE).


See Enterprise Operating Environment (EOE)..

Extensible Firmware Interface (EFI) 3

The interface between HP Integrity server operating system and system firmware enabling you to perform such tasks as configuring the firmware and controlling the booting environment. EFI is the Intel specification of an interface between firmware and hardware.

See also Baseboard Management Controller (BMC), Management Processor (MP), Pre-OS System Environment (POSSE).



See Foundation Operating Environment (FOE)..

Foundation Operating Environment (FOE)  

The tier of the Operating Environment for OpenVMS for Integrity Servers that offers the base operating system and networking transport products. The contents of this tier are contained in each of the other, higher-level tiers.

See also Operating Environments (OE) for OpenVMS for Integrity Servers, Enterprise Operating Environment (EOE), and Mission Critical Operating Environment (MCOE).


HRS (Human Recognition Service Standard) 

HRS provides generic authentication service suitable for use with any form of human authentication (biometrics) for operation with CDSA.

See also Common Data Security Architecture (CDSA).

HSx device 

A self-contained, intelligent, mass storage subsystem (for example, an HSJ or HSG) that lets computers in a cluster environment share disks.

HSx drive 

Any disk or tape drive connected to an HSx device (for example, an HSJ or HSG). A system disk on an HSx drive can be shared by several computers in an OpenVMS Cluster environment.


Supported on systems that have dual-core processors, this feature provides the ability for processors to create a second virtual core that allows additional efficiencies of processing. For example, a dual-core processor with Hyper-Threading active can run four threads.



A general-purpose disk storage server (virtual device server). It can make devices available to client systems on the LAN. Client systems can connect to the virtual devices and use them as though they are locally attached devices. OpenVMS systems connected to the same LAN can boot from a virtual drive available from the InfoServer instead of from a local CD or DVD.


See OpenVMS instance..

Instant Capacity (iCAP) 

Supported on cell-based Integrity servers, an HP Utility Pricing Solutions product whose pricing model is based on purchasing components (processors, cell boards, and memory). Instant Capacity allows you to purchase and install additional components at a discount from the regular purchase price, as the usage rights are not included. These Instant Capacity components are inactive but installed and ready for use. When extra capacity is needed, you pay the remainder of the regular purchase price for the usage rights (through purchasing a Right to Use codeword) to activate the components. (If the regular price for the component is reduced by the time the usage rights are purchased, the remainder price is proportionally reduced, providing additional savings.) After obtaining usage rights, Instant Capacity processors can be turned on by the Instant Capacity software or during installation.

Previous versions of iCAP were referred to as Instant Capacity on Demand, or iCOD.

See also Pay per use (PPU), Temporary Instant Capacity (TiCAP).

Integrated Lights-Out (iLO) 

See Management Processor (MP)..



A network authentication protocol that provides authentication for applications using secret-key crytpography. Kerberos is automatically installed with the OpenVMS operating system.


layered products 

Products (including system-integrated products) provided by HP and third parties that can installed on an OpenVMS system.

See also system-integrated product (SIP).

local area OpenVMS Cluster system 

A configuration consisting of one or more computers that act as a MOP server and disk server, and a number of low-end computers that act as satellite nodes. The LAN connects all of the computers. These computers share a single file system.

local drive 

A drive, such as a CD, DVD, or disk drive, that is connected directly to a computer. If you have a standalone computer, it is likely that all drives connected to the system are local drives.

logical CPU 

An execution thread contained within a core on a cell-based integrity server. With Hyper-Threading enabled, each core can contain multiple logical CPUs.

See also core, Hyper-Threading.


Maintenance Operations Protocol (MOP) 

A protocol used for operations such as downline loading and upline dumping.

See also MOP server.

) Management Processor (MP) 

A utility on HP Integrity servers that provides both local and remote access for controlling the system console, reset/power management, and transfer of control (TOC) capabilities. It also allows you interact with the Extensible Firmware Interface (EFI) and to monitor tasks and display detailed information about various internal subsystems. MP is available even when the server main power switch is in the off position. On entry-class Integrity servers, MP is known as the Integrated Lights-Out (iLO) Management Processor.

See also Baseboard Management Controller (BMC), Extensible Firmware Interface (EFI).


See Mission Critical Operating Environment (MCOE)..


Any packaging agents capable of storing computer software (for example, compact discs, magnetic tapes, floppy disks, disk packs, and tape cartridges).

migration support 

In OpenVMS Clusters, migration support means that HP has qualified the versions for use together in configurations that are migrating in a staged fashion to a newer version of OpenVMS VAX, OpenVMS Alpha, or OpenVMS I64. Problem reports submitted against these configurations are answered by HP. However, in exceptional cases HP might request moving to a warranted configuration as part of the solution. Migration support helps customers move to warranted OpenVMS Cluster pairs.

See also warranted support.

Mission Critical Operating Environment (MCOE)  

The tier of the Operating Environment for OpenVMS for Integrity Servers that offers everything offered by the Enterprise Operating Environment (EOE) plus clustering.

See also Operating Environments (OE) for  OpenVMS for Integrity Servers, Foundation Operating Environment (FOE), and Enterprise Operating Environment (EOE).

MOP server 

A computer system using either the LAN Auxiliary Control Process (LANACP) or DECnet software to downline-load systems using the Maintenance Operations Protocol (MOP). Systems loaded include OpenVMS systems, print servers, and LAT servers.

See also Maintenance Operations Protocol (MOP).


nPartition (node partition) 

A hard partition within a cell-based server that provides both hardware and software isolation among different instances of the operating system running on a single server. Cell-based servers can be configured either as a single, large, symmetric multiprocessor or as several independent systems. An nPartition has exclusive use of the memory, processor, and I/O resources belonging to the cells that are assigned to that partition, and can execute its own operating system image.

See also cell, partition, server complex, virtual partition).



See Operating Environments (OEs) for OpenVMS for Integrity Servers..

OpenVMS Cluster system 

A computer system consisting of two or more Alpha, VAX, or Integrity server computers running HP OpenVMS Cluster software. Many types of cluster interconnect devices can be used to create a cluster environment; for example, CI, DSSI, and LAN devices in a local area network, and Shared Memory CI (SMCI) for OpenVMS Galaxy instances. An OpenVMS Cluster can consist of a single interconnect or a mixed-interconnect cluster with any combination of cluster interconnects.

OpenVMS instance 

The OpenVMS operating system running in either a soft or hard partition of a hardware platform. To share memory in a hard partition, the GALAXY system parameter must be set.

OpenVMS Management Station 

A powerful Microsoft Windows based management tool for system managers and others who perform system management tasks on OpenVMS systems. Allows system managers to manage user accounts, printers, and storage across multiple systems, using an intuitive interface that eliminates the need to remember complex OpenVMS DCL syntax, command procedures, and device names. A server component is installed on OpenVMS (automatically if you select all the default values during the installation); a client component is installed on a PC.

Operating Environment (OE) DVD 

The DVD containing the OpenVMS for Integrity Servers Operating Environment and operating system, and the installation and other procedures described in this manual.

Operating Environments (OEs) for OpenVMS for Integrity Servers 

The model for delivering the OpenVMS I64 operating system, layered products, and documentation. Each operating environment bundles a group of products offered together at a single price based on the number of active processor cores in the system. For definitions of the three operating environments, 7see Foundation (FOE), Enterprise (EOE), and Mission Critical (MCOE).

operating system CD 

The CD containing the OpenVMS Alpha operating system and the installation and other procedures described in this manual.

See also operating system media, Operating Environment DVD.

operating system media 

The operating system CD or the OE DVD included with your OpenVMS distribution kit.

See also operating system CD, Operating Environment DVD.



A subset of the server hardware that includes processor, memory, and I/O resources on which an operating system can run. This type of partitioning allows a single server to run independently an operating system in each partition with 'isolation from other partitions.

See also cell, nPartition, server complex, virtual partition.

PATHWORKS for OpenVMS (Advanced Server) 

Supported on OpenVMS Alpha and VAX systems only, an OpenVMS network operating system compatible with Microsoft networking technology. Allows OpenVMS systems to be file and print servers for Windows desktop users. Such users can use Microsoft products and utilities such as Windows Explorer to access file and print resources. Also provides a flexible system for network administration and security.

See also Advanced Server for OpenVMS.

Pay per use (PPU) 

Supported on cell-based Integrity servers and part of the HP Utility Pricing Solutions program for customers who prefer leasing systems from HP Finance. Pay per use provides CPU capacity as needed, basing payment on actual metered or monitored use of that capacity. You acquire a particular hardware platform and number of processors, and are charged for usage of the processors based on demand. PPU is intended for customers who would rather lease the processors rather than purchasing them as would be done using Instant Capacity (iCAP).

See also Instant Capacity (iCAP), Temporary Instant Capacity (TiCAP).

Performance Data Collector (TDC) 

The Performance Data Collector for HP OpenVMS (TDC) collects and manages configuration and performance data for analysis by other applications. TDC_RT Version 2.2 or higher is a run-time only (base) variant of the TDC software that is installed automatically with the OpenVMS operating system for use on specific operating system platforms. By default, data is collected in a file. Subsequently, user applications can retrieve the data from the file.


A PCSI utility concept in which the OpenVMS operating system is kitted with options for selected other products (for example, DECwindows Motif and networking products) so that the user can opt to install all at once. Generically, a platform is the combination of physical hardware and operating system on which a piece of management or application software runs.

Pre-OS System Environment (POSSE) 

The HP implementation of EFI that extends the EFI Shell and EFI Boot Manager to include additional features for managing hardware and system boot options.

See also Extensible Firmware Interface (EFI).


rolling upgrade 

Each system disk in an OpenVMS Cluster is upgraded individually, allowing old and new versions of the operating system to run together. Certain members of the cluster are available for use while others are being upgraded.

See also concurrent upgrade.


satellite node 

A computer that is part of a local area cluster. A satellite node is downline loaded from a boot server and then boots remotely from the system disk served by a disk server in the local area cluster.

See also disk server, boot server.

scratch disk 

A blank disk or a disk with files you no longer need.

Secure Delivery 

Supported by CDSA, Secure Delivery uses public key and digital signature technology to implement a system that provides OpenVMS users the ability to validate files from OpenVMS and third-party OpenVMS vendors. The validation process involves authenticating the originator and verifying the contents of a file. Secure Delivery is integrated into PCSI to automatically ensure that software installed on OpenVMS was not tampered with prior to installation. Most kits included on the OpenVMS distribution media (as of Version 8.3) have been signed using Secure Delivery.

See also Common Data Security Architecture (CDSA).

Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) 

The open-standard security protocol for secure transfer of sensitive information over the Internet. HP SSL offers a high degree of confidentiality by allowing server authentication, client authentication, and an encrypted connection that requires all information sent between client and server to be Gencrypted by the sending software and decrypted by the receiving software. HP SSL for OpenVMS is automatically installed with the OpenVMS operating system. For more information, see the HP Open Source Security for OpenVMS, Volume 2: HP SSL for OpenVMS manual.

server complex 

The hardware of a cell-based server that includes all cells, I/O expansion cabinets, cables, cabinet hardware, fans, and power and utilities components. The complex can support multiple instances of an operating system by means of nPartitions.

See also cell, nPartition (node partition), server complex.


See system-integrated product (SIP)..

source drive 

The drive that holds the operating system distribution media during an upgrade or installation. This may be a local drive or an InfoServer. The drive contains either the operating system CD or DVD, or a copy of it.

standalone system 

A computer system consisting of a single computer that is not part of a network or OpenVMS Cluster.

system disk 

The disk from which OpenVMS is booted. During an installation or upgrade, this is the source drive. After installation, the target drive is booted and becomes the system disk.

system-integrated product (SIP) 

A product provided by HP that can be installed or upgraded as part of the OpenVMS installation or upgrade. SIPs include required products, such as CDSA, Kerberos, and the base kit for Availability Manager, and optional products such as DECwindows Motif, DECnet-Plus, DECnet Phase IV, TCP/IP Services for OpenVMS, and on OpenVMS I64 systems only, WBEM Services for OpenVMS.

See also layered products.


target drive 

The drive that holds the system disk during an upgrade or installation, or the drive you designate when backing up the system disk.

TCP/IP Services for OpenVMS 

HP standard implementation of the TCP/IP and NFS networking protocols, integrated with the OpenVMS operating system installation. Provides interoperability and resource sharing among systems running OpenVMS, UNIX, Windows, and other operating systems that support TCP/IP. TCP/IP provides a comprehensive suite of functions and applications that support industry-standard protocols for heterogeneous network communications and resource sharing.

See also  DECnet Phase IV, DECnet-Plus.


See Performance Data Collector..

Temporary Instant Capacity (TiCAP) 

Supported on cell-based Integrity servers, an HP product option included with Instant Capacity (iCAP) that enables you to purchase prepaid processor activation rights for a specified (temporary) period of time. Temporary capacity is sold in increments such as 20-day or 30-day increments, where a day equals 24 hours for a core. TiCAP was formerly referred to as TiCOD.

See also Instant Capacity (iCAP), Pay per use (PPU).


UETP (User Environment Test Package)  

A software package that tests all the standard peripheral devices on your system, various commands and operating system functions, the system's multiple-user capability, DECnet software, and the cluster environment.


virtual partition 

A soft partition within a cell-based server that can provide software isolation among different instances of the operating system running on a single server or nPartition. Cell-based servers can be configured either as a single large symmetric multiprocessor or as several independent systems. A virtual partition uses a subset of the system processor, memory, and I/O resources, and includes operating system and application-related software. The HP-UX operating system is the only operating system that can run in a virtual partition.

See also cell, partition, nPartition (node partition), server complex.

volume shadowing 

The software that performs disk mirroring operations using a redundant array of independent disks (RAID) 1 storage strategy. Provides high data availability for disk devices by ensuring against data loss that results from media deterioration or controller or device failure. This prevents storage subsystem component failures from interrupting system or application tasks. Volume Shadowing for OpenVMS is available as both a separately licensed product on Integrity server systems and a component of the Enterprise Operating Environment (EOE) on Integrity servers.


-warranted support 

In OpenVMS Clusters, warranted support means that HP has fully qualified the specified versions of OpenVMS coexisting in the cluster and addresses all problems identified by customers using the cluster configuration.

See also migration support.

WBEM (Web-Based Enterprise Management) Services for OpenVMS 

An optional product available on OpenVMS I64 systems only that provides an industry-standard enterprise management framework and resource description. WBEM’s structured framework is capable of being extended and uses Internet standards. Developers of management applications can take advantage of work previously done to expose resource information and operations; for example, developers can take code that was developed for a specific platform or application and use it with WBEM for the same purposes. WBEMCIM is the WBEM Services for OpenVMS file name used in the PCSI kit. CIM stands for the Common Information Model, which differentiates the current OpenVMS WBEM product from the original one that is based on the Simple Network Maintenance Protocol (SNMP).