HP OpenVMS Systems Documentation

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HP OpenVMS Version 8.3 Upgrade and Installation Manual > Chapter 3 Installing the OpenVMS Operating System

Booting the OpenVMS Operating System Media

  Table of Contents

  Glossary

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The OpenVMS Version 8.3 operating system includes procedures and tools (such as the PCSI utility) that enable you to install the operating system easily. First, you must boot the OpenVMS Alpha CD or the OpenVMS I64 OE DVD. To boot the OpenVMS Alpha system CD, see “Booting the OpenVMS Alpha CD”. To boot the OpenVMS I64 OE DVD, see “Booting the OpenVMS I64 OE DVD”.

Booting the OpenVMS Alpha CD

This section explains how to boot the OpenVMS Alpha operating system CD, either from your local CD drive, as described in “Booting from the Local Drive”, or from a CD drive served by the InfoServer, as described in “Booting from the InfoServer”. First, you need to identify the name of the CD drive, as explained in “Determining the Boot Device”. For more information about booting operations, see “Booting Operations”.

Determining the Boot Device

To boot the operating system CD, you need to determine the identity of the CD drive. Follow these steps:

  1. Insert the operating system CD into the local CD drive.

  2. Enter the SHOW DEVICE command at the console prompt (>>>) and look for the correct drive listed in the output (for example, DKA400). If you are booting from the InfoServer, look for a device listed with its hardware address, as in the last line of the following example (EWA0):

       >>>SHOW DEVICE

    dva0.0.0.1000.0 DVA0 RX23
    dka200.2.0.5.0 DKA200 RZ28M 1004
    dka300.3.0.5.0 DKA300 RZ29B 0016
    dka400.4.0.5.0 DKA400 RRD42 442E
    ewa0.0.0.3.0 EWA0 00-00-F8-1F-70-3D

    For additional information, see the HP OpenVMS Version 8.3 for Alpha and Integrity Servers Software Product Description (SPD 82.35.xx) and the hardware manuals that you received with your Alpha computer.

Booting from the Local Drive

To boot the operating system CD from the local CD drive, enter the boot command in the following format:

BOOT -FLAGS 0,0 source-drive

Substitute the device name of the CD drive for source-drive, such as DKA400, as listed in the SHOW DEVICE display example in “Determining the Boot Device”. In this case, you would enter the following command and press Enter:

   >>> BOOT -FLAGS 0,0 DKA400

Booting from the InfoServer

To boot the operating system CD using either the InfoServer hardware or the InfoServer utility, follow these steps. To use the InfoServer utility, certain configuration steps are required initially (one time only), as described in Appendix C “Setting Up and Performing Network Booting”; note that the operating system CD must be mounted systemwide.

  1. Make sure that your operating system CD is being served from either the InfoServer hardware or the InfoServer utility. If you are using the InfoServer utility, certain configuration steps are required (one time only); see Appendix C “Setting Up and Performing Network Booting”.

  2. At the console prompt, enter the boot command in the following format:

       >>> BOOT -FLAGS 0,0 -FILE APB_083 lan-device-name

    Substitute the name of the local area network device for lan-device-name, such as EWA0, as listed in the SHOW DEVICE display example in “Determining the Boot Device”.

    The APB file name is the unique file name that was assigned to the APB.EXE file when it was copied from the operating system CD to the InfoServer. This file is the name of the APB program used for the initial system load (ISL) boot program.

    NOTE: If you are using a DEC 3000 or 4000 series system, note the following:
    • On DEC 3000 series systems, you can boot through the InfoServer using an alternate TURBOchannel device, such as a PMAD (Ethernet) or DEFTA (FDDI), by specifying the device name as “n/ESA0”. The value for n is the TURBOchannel slot number, which you can obtain by entering the SHOW CONFIGURATION command at the console prompt (>>>) and examining the display. For more information, see “Booting over the Network with an Alternate TURBOchannel Adapter”.

    • On DEC 4000 series systems, you must specify the ISL file name in uppercase (APB_083).

  3. The InfoServer ISL program then displays the following menu:

       
    Network Initial System Load Function
    Version 1.2


    FUNCTION FUNCTION
    ID
    1 - Display Menu
    2 - Help
    3 - Choose Service
    4 - Select Options
    5 - Stop

    Enter a function ID value:
  4. Respond to the prompts as follows, pressing Enter after each entry:

    1. Enter 3 for the function ID.

    2. Enter 2 for the option ID.

    3. Enter the service name (ALPHA083 is the default service name for the InfoServer hardware; for the InfoServer utility, ask your system or network manager for the service name).

    A sample display follows:

       Enter a function ID value: 3 
    OPTION OPTION
    ID
    1 - Find Services
    2 - Enter known Service Name

    Enter an Option ID value:
    2
    Enter a Known Service Name: ALPHA083
NOTE: If you boot the OpenVMS Alpha operating system CD from an InfoServer but lose your connection during the installation procedure (the system is unresponsive and pressing Ctrl/Y does not return you to the menu), do the following:
IF ... THEN ...

You previously chose the INITIALIZE option

  1. Boot the OpenVMS Alpha operating system CD again from the network.

  2. Choose the install option (1) on the menu and perform the installation again, as described in this chapter.

You previously chose the PRESERVE option

  1. Boot the OpenVMS Alpha operating system CD again from the network.

  2. Enter the DCL environment by choosing option 8 on the menu.

  3. Mount the device containing your backup copy of the target disk and the device that is your target disk.

  4. Restore the backup copy of your target disk by entering the appropriate BACKUP commands. (See Appendix E “Backing Up and Restoring the System Disk” for complete information about using MOUNT and BACKUP commands to restore a system disk.)

  5. Log out from the DCL environment.

  6. Choose the install option (1) on the menu and perform the installation again, as described in this chapter.

Booting the OpenVMS I64 OE DVD

Before you can boot your OpenVMS DVD, you must make sure your console is configured correctly. You must use a serial device for the console. OpenVMS does not support VGA graphics or USB keyboards as console devices for booting. For information about configuring your system console, see “Selecting Your OpenVMS Console for the Integrity Server System”.

HP recommends that you load and use the most current system firmware. For more information about system firmware, see “Firmware on Integrity Server Systems” and the HP OpenVMS Version 8.3 Release Notes. For information about other required and optional tasks to be performed before or after booting the system, see Appendix B “Configuring OpenVMS I64 Hardware Operation and Boot Operations, and Booting and Shutting Down Your System”.

CAUTION: To boot your OpenVMS I64 operating system on a cell-based server (Superdome servers, or midrange servers such as rx8620 and rx7620), note the following:

This section explains how to boot the OpenVMS I64 operating environment DVD, either from your local DVD drive, as described in “Booting from the Local Drive”, or from a virtual DVD drive served over the network by the InfoServer utility, as described in “Booting from the InfoServer utility”. For more information about booting operations, see “Booting Operations”.

Booting from the Local Drive

Boot the OpenVMS I64 OE DVD from a local DVD drive by performing the steps included in this section. To boot the DVD on a cell-based server, a DVD device must be accessible by the nPartition on which OpenVMS is being installed.

  1. Make sure your Integrity server is powered on. If your system has an attached external device, make sure it is turned on and operational.

  2. Insert the DVD into the drive.

  3. Cycle power.

  4. From the main EFI boot menu (for cell-based servers, this must be the EFI boot menu for the nPartition on which OpenVMS is to be booted), select the appropriate item from the boot options list. Note that the EFI boot menu is timed; press any key to stop the countdown timer.

    For some systems, the boot option to select is the Internal Bootable DVD option. If that option is not listed in your EFI boot menu, move to the Boot From a File menu and select the Removable Media Boot option, if present.

    Alternatively (and this method is recommended for cell-based servers), boot the DVD drive from the EFI Shell prompt by entering the command shown in the following example, where fsn: corresponds to the Integrity server DVD drive (such as fs0:). Note that if you have navigated to a particular file system, the EFI Shell prompt reflects that file system; for example, if the current file system is fs0:, the EFI Shell prompt is fs0:>. Shell>fsn:\efi\boot\bootia64.efi

    To determine which device is the bootable DVD drive, examine the list of mapped devices and look for an fs device listing that includes the letters “CDROM”, as in the following line. In this line, fsn is the file system associated with the drive, which is usually fs0: (instead of "fsn", you might see something similar to "V8.3"; instead of Ata, you might see Scsi, depending on the server model):

    fsn : Acpi(HWP0002,400)/Pci(4|1)/Ata(Primary,Master)/CDROM(Entry0)

    You can use the following command to display the mapping of various EFI device names to OpenVMS device names, where fsn is the device you want to check (such as fs0:):

    Shell>fsn:\efi\vms\vms_show dev -fs

    On most Integrity servers, the DVD drive is DQA0:. On systems that include a SCSI bus, such as the Superdome server, the DVD drive is DKA0:. For more information about the vms_show command, see the HP OpenVMS System Management Utilities Reference Manual.

    NOTE: Remember that by default EFI interprets the Delete (or Backspace) key differently than do OpenVMS Alpha systems or Microsoft Windows computers. Use Ctrl/H to delete the last character entered. For more information, see “Using the Delete or Backspace Key with Integrity Server Utilities”.

When the DVD boots properly, the OpenVMS operating system banner is displayed, followed by the operating system menu. You can now install your OpenVMS I64 operating system onto the target disk; see “Installing the OpenVMS Operating System onto a System Disk”. If the methods documented in this section do not succeed in booting the DVD, see “Alternate Method of Using EFI to Boot the DVD”.

NOTE: When booting OpenVMS from the installation DVD for the first time on any OpenVMS I64 system with a SAN storage device, you might experience a delay in EFI initialization because the entire SAN is scanned. Depending on the size of the SAN, this delay might range from several seconds to several minutes.

Booting from the InfoServer utility

To use the InfoServer utility to boot from the network, certain configuration steps are required initially (one time only); see Appendix C “Setting Up and Performing Network Booting”. The instructions for booting over the network from a virtual DVD drive over the network are also included in Appendix C “Setting Up and Performing Network Booting”.