HP OpenVMS Version 8.3 Upgrade and Installation Manual > Appendix B Configuring OpenVMS I64 Hardware Operation
and Boot Operations, and Booting and Shutting Down Your System
Selecting Your OpenVMS Console for the Integrity Server System
For a console terminal, you need a laptop, PC, or similar
device that has terminal emulation software. OpenVMS supports serial
console devices only; OpenVMS does not support using a VGA graphics
display as a console device. To connect your console terminal to
your Integrity server, you need a standard PC-to-PC file transfer
cable (also known as a 9-pin null-modem serial cable). The serial
port on the server system is typically set to 9600 baud, 8-bit,
no parity, and stop bit 1 (check your hardware documentation: the
settings can vary, depending on the port and access method). Set
up your terminal emulation software accordingly, and specify VT100
|NOTE: For connections that require the three-connector
cable (M-cable) included with your server, make sure you connect
your PC-to-PC cable to the connection port labeled “Console” on
the three-connector cable. All three connection ports on that cable
are DB9 9-pin connectors, but only the port labeled “Console” will
work. The other two connection ports are for remote (modem) and
UPS connections only.|
OpenVMS requires that you select the correct console device
from an EFI firmware selection menu. The console cable must be
connected to the port for the device selected. If you are already
using the system console, you can skip this section. If you have
ordered a machine with OpenVMS preinstalled, your console selections
have been chosen for you, but you might want to change these default
console selections. If you have changed your system configuration,
or if you are installing OpenVMS on a new (uninstalled) Integrity server,
or if you are reinstalling OpenVMS using the INITIALIZE option (removing
all the software and data files that were previously installed on
the target system disk), you might need to select the correct console.
If the correct console is not selected, OpenVMS might use an unexpected
device as the console, causing your system to appear to be hanging;
or OpenVMS either will fail to boot or will boot with output sent
to the wrong location.
If MP is present on your system, HP recommends using MP for
your system console. With some servers, the MP console is preselected
for your Integrity server. You still might need to select the correct
console device to use the MP serial port for the console because
the Integrity server might not initially know where to perform console
I/O operations. If you intend to set up LAN or remote access for
an MP console interface, you must initially use the serial port
for console operations when you set up the Integrity server for
the first time. (See your hardware documentation for instructions
on setting LAN or remote access for the MP console interface.)
To set up the correct console, follow these steps:
process for selecting the correct console might vary for each Integrity
server model and for each version of the EFI firmware.|
what console you want to use. Depending on your system
configuration, OpenVMS can use one of the following types of consoles:
MP serial port (if present)
Be sure you select the console you want to use. OpenVMS uses
a default console that you might not want to use. Select only one
console type. Selecting more than one type might bring unexpected results.
Power on the system. If using an MP serial
port, log in to MP and access EFI. If you are setting
the system serial port as your system console, skip to the next
step. If you are setting the MP serial port as your system console,
and you have just powered on your Integrity server, the MP console
interface prompts you to log in. (By default, both user name and
password are set to Admin. For security purposes, you should change
the password immediately. See your hardware documentation for more
|NOTE: To see the MP login user name and password
prompts, you might need to press Enter one or more times on your console keyboard. If this
does not work, then try pressing Ctrl/B. |
If you see only the MP password prompt, press the Enter key to get to the MP login prompt.
If the login prompt still fails to appear, the system might
be powered off. (When you powered on the system, you might have
pressed the power button twice, which turns it on and then off.)
If you see a message similar to the following, another user
has the console (only one user can write to the console although
multiple users can view it).
[Read only - use Ctrl-Ecf for console write access]
To gain control of the console from the other user, press Ctrl/E, release the key combination, and then immediately type
the letters cf. Alternatively, you can have the other user log off.
Note that the system will not work if it has MP firmware older
than version E02.22. For information about updating the MP firmware,
on Integrity Server Systems”.
When the MP> prompt is displayed, move to the EFI
interface by using the co (console mode) command.
On Integrity servers without nPartitions, the co command brings you directly to the EFI Boot Manager screen;
if you do not enter a command before the EFI countdown timer expires
(10 seconds by default), the EFI Shell> prompt is displayed.
(When the operating system is running, the co command brings you to the console port of the operating
On cell-based servers, unless you are using a single-partition
user account, the co command first brings you to a console menu that lists
the available nPartitions. Select the appropriate nPartition to
access the EFI Boot Manager console for that nPartition. The following
example shows a console menu (menus and displays such as this may
vary from system to system):
Please select partition number:
If the co command results in a screen that is unexpected or difficult
to interpret, pressing Enter might help. If you are at an EFI submenu instead of the
main menu, navigate to the main menu by exiting from the submenu
and any subsequent submenus until you return to the EFI main menu.
For more information about determining which nPartition to
access, see the HP System Partitions Guide, Administration
for nPartitions or the appropriate hardware documentation.
Access the initial EFI boot menu. When
you power on the Integrity server or move to console mode from MP,
the EFI Boot Manager begins loading. Several messages should indicate
so. If you are using the MP serial port and you do not see any
messages, the system might be powered off (MP is "alive" even when
the system is powered off, as long as the power cord is connected).
Make sure you power on the system. Wait until you see the EFI
Boot Manager screen with the boot menu. The default menu option
is highlighted, as shown in the following example of a boot menu.
|NOTE: The appearance of EFI Boot Manager screens and menus
differ from version to version of the firmware. This boot menu
example is what might be seen with the latest version of the EFI
Access the EFI Boot
Configuration menu. From the initial EFI boot menu,
select the Boot Configuration option (or, in some versions of EFI,
the Boot Option Maintenance Menu). To move to an option, use the
up or down arrow key. (With some terminal emulators, you might have
to use the letter v to scroll down or the caret (^) to scroll up.)
Press Enter to toggle the selection. If you do not select an option
within the default 10-second countdown, EFI moves to the default
option—the EFI Shell in the example given in step 3, in
which case the EFI Shell> prompt is displayed. Exit the EFI
Shell to return to the Boot Configuration menu. If lines from the
preceding screen linger to obscure the EFI Shell prompt, press Enter to bring the EFI Shell prompt into view.
Configure the Console
Input, Console Output, and Console Error Devices. If
you have the latest EFI firmware, select the Console Configuration
option from the Boot Configuration menu to list the console input,
console output, and console error device options. Some versions
of EFI list the three console device options directly in the Boot
Option Maintenance Menu. Configure each of the console options
one at a time, as follows:
Select the Console Input Device.
EFI displays a list of devices available for console input. Select
only one device from this list, and deselect any unused devices.
The following is a sample list of devices, annotated with explanatory
text below the list. (This example shows the devices for an entry-class
Integrity server; the procedure and display differ on cell-based
Serial Port|| |
These four lines indicate
any of the valid devices that you can define for the console using
the system serial port. Any line that has the letters Uart but
not the letters Pci is one of the system serial ports. Notice the
lines are almost identical except for the text following the VenMsg
portion, which indicates the terminal emulation protocol. Thus,
each of the four entries is the same device with different emulation protocols.
|MP Console|| |
These four lines (the HWP
lines) appear only on systems that have an MP port. Any lines that
include both Uart and Pci are MP serial port devices. As with
the serial port devices, these four lines are the same device with
different emulation protocols.
|VGA Device|| |
This is the graphic console
device. Do not select this. OpenVMS does not support VGA graphics
as a console output device for booting.
Select a device using the protocol appropriate for your terminal
emulator (in most cases, VT100+ is the best choice). Remember that
you should select only one device line. OpenVMS does not operate
if more than one device is selected.
your settings to NVRAM.
Select the Console Output Device.
Repeat steps a and b to configure the console output device. Select
the same device selected for the console input device.
Select the Console Error Device.
Repeat steps a and b to configure the console error device (also
referred to as the standard error device). Select the same device
selected for the console input and output devices.
Perform a Cold Reset
if required. Your system might require a cold reset.
Newer versions of EFI do not require a cold reset. See your hardware
documentation for more information.
At this point, you can boot the OpenVMS I64 DVD to install
the operating system onto a system disk. Follow the instructions
in Chapter 3 “Installing the OpenVMS Operating System” (specifics for
booting are provided in this appendix).
|NOTE: Any time new potential console devices are added to
a system, or anytime NVRAM on a system is cleared, review your console
selections. When you change serial devices, you must also make changes
to the input, output, and error console device options to ensure