HP OpenVMS Systems Documentation
HP OpenVMS System Management Utilities Reference Manual
When you modify a password, the new password expires automatically; it is valid only once (unless you specify /NOPWDEXPIRED). On login, users are forced to change their passwords (unless you specify /FLAGS=DISFORCE_PWD_CHANGE).
Note that the /GENERATE_PASSWORD and /PASSWORD qualifiers are mutually exclusive.
/IDENTIFIERAdds an identifier to the rights database, RIGHTSLIST.DAT. The ADD/IDENTIFIER command does not add a user account to the authorization file, SYSUAF.
The ADD/ADD_IDENTIFIER command, however, adds a user account to the authorization file, SYSUAF, and also adds an identifier to the rights database, RIGHTSLIST.DAT.)
/NOINTERACTIVESpecifies the hours of access for interactive logins. For a description of the range specification, see the /ACCESS qualifier. By default, there are no access restrictions on interactive logins.
/JTQUOTA=valueSpecifies the initial byte quota with which the jobwide logical name table is to be created. By default, the value is 4096 on VAX systems and 4096 on Alpha and I64 systems.
/LGICMD=filespecSpecifies the name of the default login command file. The file name defaults to the device specified for /DEVICE, the directory specified for /DIRECTORY, a file name of LOGIN, and a file type of .COM. If you select the defaults for all these values, the file name is SYS$SYSTEM:[USER]LOGIN.COM.
/LOCAL[=(range[,...])]Specifies hours of access for interactive logins from local terminals. For a description of the range specification, see the /ACCESS qualifier. By default, there are no access restrictions on local logins.
/MAXACCTJOBS=valueSpecifies the maximum number of batch, interactive, and detached processes that can be active at one time for all users of the same account. By default, a user has a maximum of 0, which represents an unlimited number.
/MAXDETACH=valueSpecifies the maximum number of detached processes with the cited user name that can be active at one time. To prevent the user from creating detached processes, specify the keyword NONE. By default, a user has a value of 0, which represents an unlimited number.
/MAXJOBS=valueSpecifies the maximum number of processes (interactive, batch, detached, and network) with the cited user name that can be active simultaneously. The first four network jobs are not counted. By default, a user has a maximum value of 0, which represents an unlimited number.
/NETWORK[=(range[,...])]Specifies hours of access for network batch jobs. For a description of how to specify the range, see the /ACCESS qualifier. By default, network logins have no access restrictions.
/OWNER=owner-nameSpecifies the name of the owner of the account. You can use this name for billing purposes or similar applications. The owner name is 1 to 31 characters. No default owner name exists.
/NOPASSWORDSpecifies up to two passwords for login. Passwords can be from 0 to 32 alphanumeric characters in length. The dollar sign ($) and underscore (_) are also permitted.
Uppercase and lowercase characters are equivalent. All lowercase characters are converted to uppercase before the password is encrypted. Avoid using the word password as the actual password.
Use the /PASSWORD qualifier as follows:
When you modify a password, the new password expires automatically; it is valid only once (unless you specify /NOPWDEXPIRED). On login, the user is forced to change the password (unless you specify /FLAGS=DISFORCE_PWD_CHANGE).
Note that the /GENERATE_PASSWORD and /PASSWORD qualifiers are mutually exclusive.
When you create a new UAF record with the COPY command, you must specify a password.
/PBYTLMThis flag is reserved for HP.
/PGFLQUOTA=valueSpecifies the paging file limit. This is the maximum number of pages that the person's process can use in the system paging file. By default, the value is 32768 pages on VAX systems and 256,000 pagelets on Alpha and I64 systems.
If decompressing libraries, make sure to set PGFLQUOTA to twice the size of the library.
/PRCLM=valueSpecifies the subprocess creation limit. This is the maximum number of subprocesses that can exist at one time for the specified user's process. By default, the value is 2 on VAX systems and 8 on Alpha and I64 systems.
/PRIMEDAYS=([NO]day[,...])Defines the primary and secondary days of the week for logging in. Specify the days as a list separated by commas, and enclose the list in parentheses. To specify a secondary day, prefix the day with NO (for example, NOFRIDAY). To specify a primary day, omit the NO prefix.
By default, primary days are Monday through Friday and secondary days are Saturday and Sunday. If you omit a day from the list, AUTHORIZE uses the default value. (For example, if you omit Monday from the list, AUTHORIZE defines Monday as a primary day.)
Use the primary and secondary day definitions in conjunction with such qualifiers as /ACCESS, /INTERACTIVE, and /BATCH.
/PRIORITY=valueSpecifies the default base priority. The value is an integer in the range of 0 to 31 on VAX systems and 0 to 63 on Alpha and I64 systems. By default, the value is set to 4 for timesharing users.
/PRIVILEGES=([NO]privname[,...])Specifies which privileges the user is authorized to hold, although these privileges are not necessarily enabled at login. (The /DEFPRIVILEGES qualifier determines which ones are enabled.) A NO prefix removes the privilege from the user. The keyword NOALL disables all user privileges. Many privileges have varying degrees of power and potential system impact (see the HP OpenVMS Guide to System Security for a detailed discussion). By default, a user holds TMPMBX and NETMBX privileges. Privname is the name of the privilege.
/NOPWDEXPIREDSpecifies the password is valid for only one login. A user must change a password immediately after login or be locked out of the system. The system warns users of password expiration. A user can either specify a new password, with the DCL command SET PASSWORD, or wait until expiration and be forced to change. By default, a user must change a password when first logging in to an account. The default is applied to the account only when the password is being modified.
/NOPWDLIFETIMESpecifies the length of time a password is valid. Specify a delta time value in the form [dddd-] [hh:mm:ss.cc]. For example, for a lifetime of 120 days, 0 hours, and 0 seconds, specify /PWDLIFETIME="120-". For a lifetime of 120 days 12 hours, 30 minutes and 30 seconds, specify /PWDLIFETIME="120-12:30:30". If a period longer than the specified time elapses before the user logs in, the system displays a warning message. The password is marked as expired.
To prevent a password from expiring, specify the time as NONE. By default, a password expires in 90 days.
/PWDMINIMUM=valueSpecifies the minimum password length in characters. Note that this value is enforced only by the DCL command SET PASSWORD. It does not prevent you from entering a password shorter than the minimum length when you use AUTHORIZE to create or modify an account. By default, a password must have at least 6 characters. The value specified by the /PWDMINIMUM qualifier conflicts with the value used by the /GENERATE_PASSWORD qualifier or the DCL command SET PASSWORD/GENERATE, the operating system chooses the lesser value. The maximum value for generated passwords is 10.
/QUEPRIO=valueReserved for future use.
/REMOTE[=(range[,...])]Specifies hours during which access is permitted for interactive logins from network remote terminals (with the DCL command SET HOST). For a description of the range specification, see the /ACCESS qualifier. By default, remote logins have no access restrictions.
/SHRFILLM=valueSpecifies the maximum number of shared files that the user can have open at one time. By default, the system assigns a value of 0, which represents an infinite number.
/TQELMSpecifies the total number of entries in the timer queue plus the number of temporary common event flag clusters that the user can have at one time. By default, a user can have 100.
/UIC=valueSpecifies the user identification code (UIC). The UIC value is a group number in the range from 1 to 37776 (octal) and a member number in the range from 0 to 177776 (octal), which are separated by a comma and enclosed in brackets. HP reserves group 1 and groups 300--377 for its own use.
Each user must have a unique UIC. By default, the UIC value is [200,200].
/WSDEFAULT=valueSpecifies the default working set limit. This represents the initial limit to the number of physical pages the process can use. (The user can alter the default quantity up to WSQUOTA with the DCL command SET WORKING_SET.) By default, a user has 256 pages on VAX systems and 4096 pagelets on Alpha and I64 systems.
The value cannot be greater than WSMAX. This quota value replaces smaller values of PQL_MWSDEFAULT.
/WSEXTENT=valueSpecifies the working set maximum. This represents the maximum amount of physical memory allowed to the process. The system provides memory to a process beyond its working set quota only when it has excess free pages. The additional memory is recalled by the system if needed.
The value is an integer equal to or greater than WSQUOTA. By default, the value is 1024 pages on VAX systems and 16384 pagelets on Alpha and I64 systems. The value cannot be greater than WSMAX. This quota value replaces smaller values of PQL_MWSEXTENT.
/WSQUOTA=valueSpecifies the working set quota. This is the maximum amount of physical memory a user process can lock into its working set. It also represents the maximum amount of swap space that the system reserves for this process and the maximum amount of physical memory that the system allows the process to consume if the systemwide memory demand is significant.
The value cannot be greater than the value of WSMAX and cannot exceed 8,192 pagelets on Alpha and I64 systems. This quota value replaces smaller values of PQL_MWSQUOTA.
The COPY command creates a new SYSUAF record that duplicates an existing SYSUAF record. The command requires the /PASSWORD qualifier. If you do not specify additional qualifiers to the COPY command, the fields in the record you create are the same as those in the record being copied.
UAF> COPY ROBIN SPARROW /PASSWORD=SP0152 %UAF-I-COPMSG, user record copied %UAF-E-RDBADDERRU, unable to add SPARROW value: [000014,00006] to RIGHTSLIST.DAT -SYSTEM-F-DUPIDENT, duplicate identifier
The command in this example adds a record for Thomas Sparrow that is identical, except for the password, to that of Joseph Robin. Note that because the UIC value has no change, no identifier is added to RIGHTSLIST.DAT. AUTHORIZE issues a "duplicate identifier" error message.
UAF> COPY ROBIN SPARROW /UIC=[200,13]/DIRECTORY=[SPARROW] - _/PASSWORD=THOMAS/OWNER="THOMAS SPARROW" %UAF-I-COPMSG, user record copied %UAF-I-RDBADDMSGU, identifier SPARROW value: [000200,000013] added to RIGHTSLIST.DAT
The command in this example adds a record for Thomas Sparrow that is the same as Joseph Robin's except for the UIC, directory name, password, and owner. Note that you could use a similar command to copy a template record when adding a record for a new user in a particular user group.
Creates and initializes the network proxy authorization files. The primary network proxy authorization file is NET$PROXY.DAT. The file NETPROXY.DAT is maintained for compatibility.
Do not delete NETPROXY.DAT because DECnet Phase IV and many layered products still use it.
NETPROXY.DAT is created with no records and is assigned the following protection:
NET$PROXY.DAT is created with no records and is assigned the following protection:
If NETPROXY.DAT or NET$PROXY.DAT already exist, AUTHORIZE reports the following error message:
%UAF-W-NAFAEX, NETPROXY.DAT already exists
To create a new file, you must either delete or rename the old one.
UAF> CREATE/PROXY UAF>
The command in this example creates and initializes the network proxy authorization file.
Creates and initializes the rights database, RIGHTSLIST.DAT.
RIGHTSLIST.DAT is created with no records and is assigned the following protection:
Note that the file is created only if the file does not already exist.
UAF> CREATE/RIGHTS %UAF-E-RDBCREERR, unable to create RIGHTSLIST.DAT -RMS-E-FEX, file already exists, not superseded
You can use the command in this example to create and initialize a new rights database. Note, however, that RIGHTSLIST.DAT is created automatically during the installation process. Thus, you must delete or rename the existing file before creating a new one. For more information about rights database management, see the HP OpenVMS Guide to System Security.
Modifies the SYSUAF's DEFAULT record.
/NOACCESS[=(range[,...])]Specifies hours of access for all modes of access. The syntax for specifying the range is:
/[NO]ACCESS=([PRIMARY], [n-m], [n], [,...],[SECONDARY], [n-m], [n], [,...])
Specify hours as integers from 0 to 23, inclusive. You can specify single hours (n) or ranges of hours (n-m). If the ending hour of a range is earlier than the starting hour, the range extends from the starting hour through midnight to the ending hour. The first set of hours after the keyword PRIMARY specifies hours on primary days; the second set of hours after the keyword SECONDARY specifies hours on secondary days. Note that hours are inclusive; that is, if you grant access during a given hour, access extends to the end of that hour.
By default, a user has full access every day. See the DCL command SET DAY in the HP OpenVMS DCL Dictionary for information about overriding the defaults for primary and secondary day types.
All the list elements are optional. Unless you specify hours for a day type, access is permitted for the entire day. By specifying an access time, you prevent access at all other times. Adding NO to the qualifier denies the user access to the system for the specified period of time. See the following examples.
/ACCESS Allows unrestricted access /NOACCESS=SECONDARY Allows access on primary days only /ACCESS=(9-17) Allows access from 9 A.M. to 5:59 P.M. on all days /NOACCESS=(PRIMARY, 9-17, SECONDARY, 18-8) Disallows access between 9 A.M. to 5:59 P.M. on primary days but allows access during these hours on secondary days
To specify access hours for specific types of access, see the /BATCH, /DIALUP, /INTERACTIVE, /LOCAL, /NETWORK, and /REMOTE qualifiers.
For information about the effects of login class restrictions, see the HP OpenVMS Guide to System Security.
/ACCOUNT=account-nameSpecifies the default name for the account (for example, a billing name or number). The name can be a string of 1 to 8 alphanumeric characters. By default, AUTHORIZE does not assign an account name.
/ALGORITHM=keyword=type [=value]Sets the password encryption algorithm for a user. The keyword VMS refers to the algorithm used in the operating system version that is running on your system, whereas a customer algorithm is one that is added through the $HASH_PASSWORD system service by a customer site, by a layered product, or by a third party. The customer algorithm is identified in $HASH_PASSWORD by an integer in the range of 128 to 255. It must correspond with the number used in the AUTHORIZE command MODIFY/ALGORITHM. By default, passwords are encrypted with the VMS algorithm for the current version of the operating system.
Keyword Function BOTH Set the algorithm for primary and secondary passwords. CURRENT Set the algorithm for the primary, secondary, both, or no passwords, depending on account status. CURRENT is the default value. PRIMARY Set the algorithm for the primary password only. SECONDARY Set the algorithm for the secondary password only.
The following table lists password encryption algorithms:
Type Definition VMS The algorithm used in the version of the operating system that is running on your system. CUSTOMER A numeric value in the range of 128 to 255 that identifies a customer algorithm.
The following example selects the VMS algorithm for Sontag's primary password:
UAF> MODIFY SONTAG/ALGORITHM=PRIMARY=VMS
If you select a site-specific algorithm, you must give a value to identify the algorithm, as follows:
UAF> MODIFY SONTAG/ALGORITHM=CURRENT=CUSTOMER=128
/ASTLM=valueSpecifies the AST queue limit, which is the total number of asynchronous system trap (AST) operations and scheduled wake-up requests that the user can have queued at one time. The default is 40 on VAX systems and 300 on Alpha and I64 systems.
/BATCH[=(range[,...])]Specifies the hours of access permitted for batch jobs. For a description of the range specification, see the /ACCESS qualifier. By default, a user can submit batch jobs any time.
/BIOLM=valueSpecifies a buffered I/O count limit for the BIOLM field of the UAF record. The buffered I/O count limit is the maximum number of buffered I/O operations, such as terminal I/O, that can be outstanding at one time. The default is 40 on VAX systems and 150 on Alpha and I64 systems.
/BYTLM=valueSpecifies the buffered I/O byte limit for the BYTLM field of the UAF record. The buffered I/O byte limit is the maximum number of bytes of nonpaged system dynamic memory that a user's job can consume at one time. Nonpaged dynamic memory is used for operations such as I/O buffering, mailboxes, and file-access windows. The default is 32768 on VAX systems and 128,000 on Alpha and I64 systems.
/CLI=cli-nameSpecifies the name of the default command language interpreter (CLI) for the CLI field of the UAF record. The cli-name is a string of 1 to 31 alphanumeric characters and should be DCL, which is the default. This setting is ignored for network jobs.
/CLITABLES=filespecSpecifies user-defined CLI tables for the account. The filespec can contain 1 to 31 characters. The default is SYS$LIBRARY:DCLTABLES. Note that this setting is ignored for network jobs to guarantee that the system-supplied command procedures used to implement network objects function properly.
/CPUTIME=timeSpecifies the maximum process CPU time for the CPU field of the UAF record. The maximum process CPU time is the maximum amount of CPU time a user's process can take per session. You must specify a delta time value. For a discussion of delta time values, see the OpenVMS User's Manual. The default is 0, which means an infinite amount of time.
/DEFPRIVILEGES=([NO]privname[,...])Specifies default privileges for the user; that is, those enabled at login time. A NO prefix removes a privilege from the user. By specifying the keyword [NO]ALL with the /DEFPRIVILEGES qualifier, you can disable or enable all user privileges. The default privileges are TMPMBX and NETMBX. Privname is the name of the privilege.
/DEVICE=device-nameSpecifies the name of the user's default device at login. The device-name is a string of 1 to 31 alphanumeric characters. If you omit the colon from the device-name value, AUTHORIZE appends a colon. The default device is SYS$SYSDISK.
If you specify a logical name as the device-name (for example, DISK1: for DUA1:), you must make an entry for the logical name in the LNM$SYSTEM_TABLE in executive mode by using the DCL command DEFINE/SYSTEM/EXEC.
/DIALUP[=(range[,...])]Specifies hours of access permitted for dialup logins. For a description of the range specification, see the /ACCESS qualifier. The default is full access.
/DIOLM=valueSpecifies the direct I/O count limit for the DIOLM field of the UAF record. The direct I/O count limit is the maximum number of direct I/O operations (usually disk) that can be outstanding at one time. The default is 40 on VAX systems and 150 on Alpha and I64 systems.
/DIRECTORY=directory-nameSpecifies the default directory name for the DIRECTORY field of the UAF record. The directory-name can be 1 to 39 alphanumeric characters. If you do not enclose the directory name in brackets, AUTHORIZE adds the brackets for you. The default directory name is [USER].
/ENQLM=valueSpecifies the lock queue limit for the ENQLM field of the UAF record. The lock queue limit is the maximum number of locks that can be queued by the user at one time. The default is 200 on VAX systems and 4000 on Alpha and I64 systems.
/NOEXPIRATIONSpecifies the expiration date and time of the account. The /NOEXPIRATION qualifier removes the expiration date on the account. If you do not specify an expiration time when you add a new account, AUTHORIZE copies the expiration time from the DEFAULT account. (The expiration time on the DEFAULT account is "none" by default.)
/FILLM=valueSpecifies the open file limit for the FILLM field of the UAF record. The open file limit is the maximum number of files that can be open at one time, including active network logical links. The default is 300 on VAX systems and 128 on Alpha and I64 systems.
/FLAGS=([NO]option[,...])Specifies login flags for the user. The prefix NO clears the flag. The options are as follows:
AUDIT Enables or disables mandatory security auditing for a specific user. By default, the system does not audit the activities of specific users (NOAUDIT). AUTOLOGIN Restricts the user to the automatic login mechanism when logging in to an account. When set, the flag disables login by any terminal that requires entry of a user name and password. The default is to require a user name and password (NOAUTOLOGIN). CAPTIVE Prevents the user from changing any defaults at login, for example, /CLI or /LGICMD. It prevents the user from escaping the captive login command procedure specified by the /LGICMD qualifier and gaining access to the DCL command level. See "Guidelines for Captive Command Procedures" in the HP OpenVMS Guide to System Security.
The CAPTIVE flag also establishes an environment where Ctrl/Y interrupts are initially turned off; however, command procedures can still turn on Ctrl/Y interrupts with the DCL command SET CONTROL=Y. By default, an account is not captive (NOCAPTIVE).
DEFCLI Restricts the user to the default command interpreter by prohibiting the use of the /CLI qualifier at login. By default, a user can choose a CLI (NODEFCLI). DISCTLY Establishes an environment where Ctrl/Y interrupts are initially turned off and are invalid until a SET CONTROL=Y is encountered. This could happen in SYLOGIN.COM or in a procedure called by SYLOGIN.COM. Once a SET CONTROL=Y is executed (which requires no privilege), a user can enter a Ctrl/Y and reach the DCL prompt ($). If the intent of DISCTLY is to force execution of the login command files, then SYLOGIN.COM should issue the DCL command SET CONTROL=Y to turn on Ctrl/Y interrupts before exiting. By default, Ctrl/Y is enabled (NODISCTLY). DISFORCE_PWD_CHANGE Removes the requirement that a user must change an expired password at login. By default, a person can use an expired password only once (NODISFORCE_PWD_CHANGE) and then is forced to change the password after logging in. If the user does not select a new password, the user is locked out of the system.
To use this feature, set a password expiration date with the /PWDLIFETIME qualifier.
DISIMAGE Prevents the user from executing RUN and foreign commands. By default, a user can execute RUN and foreign commands (NODISIMAGE). DISMAIL Disables mail delivery to the user. By default, mail delivery is enabled (NODISMAIL). DISNEWMAIL Suppresses announcements of new mail at login. By default, the system announces new mail (NODISNEWMAIL). DISPWDDIC Disables automatic screening of new passwords against a system dictionary. By default, passwords are automatically screened (NODISPWDDIC). DISPWDHIS Disables automatic checking of new passwords against a list of the user's old passwords. By default, the system screens new passwords (NODISPWDHIS). DISPWDSYNCH Suppresses synchronization of the external password for this account. See bit 9 in the SECURITY_POLICY system parameter for systemwide password synchronization control. DISRECONNECT Disables automatic reconnection to an existing process when a terminal connection has been interrupted. By default, automatic reconnection is enabled (NODISRECONNECT). DISREPORT Suppresses reports of the last login time, login failures, and other security reports. By default, login information is displayed (NODISREPORT). DISUSER Disables the account so the user cannot log in. For example, the DEFAULT account is disabled. By default, an account is enabled (NODISUSER). DISWELCOME Suppresses the welcome message (an informational message displayed during a local login). This message usually indicates the version number of the operating system that is running and the name of the node on which the user is logged in. By default, a system login message appears (NODISWELCOME). EXTAUTH Considers user to be authenticated by an external user name and password, not by the SYSUAF user name and password. (The system still uses the SYSUAF record to check a user's login restrictions and quotas and to create the user's process profile.) GENPWD Restricts the user to generated passwords. By default, users choose their own passwords (NOGENPWD). LOCKPWD Prevents the user from changing the password for the account. By default, users can change their passwords (NOLOCKPWD). PWD_EXPIRED Marks a password as expired. The user cannot log in if this flag is set. The LOGINOUT.EXE image sets the flag when both of the following conditions exist: a user logs in with the DISFORCE_PWD_CHANGE flag set, and the user's password expires. A system manager can clear this flag. By default, passwords are not expired after login (NOPWD_EXPIRED). PWD2_EXPIRED Marks a secondary password as expired. Users cannot log in if this flag is set. The LOGINOUT.EXE image sets the flag when both of the following conditions exist: a user logs in with the DISFORCE_PWD_CHANGE flag set, and the user's password expires. A system manager can clear this flag. By default, passwords are not set to expire after login (NOPWD2_EXPIRED). PWDMIX Enables case-sensitive and extended-character passwords.
After PWDMIX is specified, you can then use mixed-case and extended characters in passwords. Be aware that before the PWDMIX flag is enabled, the system stores passwords in all upper-case. Therefore, until you change passwords, you must enter your pre-PWDMIX passwords in upper-case.
To change the password after PWDMIX is enabled:
- You (the user) can use the DCL command SET PASSWORD, specifying the new mixed-case password (omitting quotation marks).
- You (the system manager) can use the AUTHORIZE command MODIFY/PASSWORD, and enclose the user's new mixed-case password in quotation marks " " .
RESTRICTED Prevents the user from changing any defaults at login (for example, by specifying /LGICMD) and prohibits user specification of a CLI with the /CLI qualifier. The RESTRICTED flag establishes an environment where Ctrl/Y interrupts are initially turned off; however, command procedures can still turn on Ctrl/Y interrupts with the DCL command SET CONTROL=Y. Typically, this flag is used to prevent an applications user from having unrestricted access to the CLI. By default, a user can change defaults (NORESTRICTED). VMSAUTH Allows account to use standard (SYSUAF) authentication when the EXTAUTH flag would otherwise require external authentication. This depends on the application. An application specifies the VMS domain of interpretation when calling SYS$ACM to request standard VMS authentication for a user account that normally uses external authentication.
/NOGENERATE_PASSWORD (default)Invokes the password generator to create user passwords. Generated passwords can consist of 1 to 10 characters. Specify one of the following keywords:
BOTH Generate primary and secondary passwords. CURRENT Do whatever the DEFAULT account does (for example, generate primary, secondary, both, or no passwords). This is the default keyword. PRIMARY Generate primary password only. SECONDARY Generate secondary password only.
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