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HP OpenVMS DCL Dictionary

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The /PAGE=SAVE qualifier allows you to navigate through screens of information. The /PAGE=SAVE qualifier stores up to 5 screens of up to 255 columns of information. When you use the /PAGE=SAVE qualifier, you can use the following keys to navigate through the information:

Key Sequence Description
Up arrow key, Ctrl/B Scroll up one line.
Down arrow key Scroll down one line.
Left arrow key Scroll left one column.
Right arrow key Scroll right one column.
Insert Here (E2) Scroll right one half screen.
Remove (E3) Scroll left one half screen.
Select (E4) Toggle 80/132 column mode.
Prev Screen (E5) Get the previous page of information.
Next Screen (E6), Return, Enter, Space Get the next page of information.
F10, Ctrl/Z Exit. (Some utilities define these differently.)
Help (F15) Display utility help text.
Do (F16) Toggle the display to oldest/newest page.
Ctrl/W Refresh the display.

The /PAGE qualifier is not compatible with the /OUTPUT qualifier.


/NOREMAINING (default)

Includes in the output all records from the first matched record to the end of the file. This qualifier overrides the value n2 in the /WINDOW qualifier, but allows the qualifier /WINDOW=n1.


Selects only those files dated on or after the specified time. You can specify time as absolute time, as a combination of absolute and delta times, or as one of the following keywords: BOOT, LOGIN, TODAY (default), TOMORROW, or YESTERDAY. Specify one of the following qualifiers with the /SINCE qualifier to indicate the time attribute to be used as the basis for selection: /BACKUP, /CREATED (default), /EXPIRED, or /MODIFIED.

For complete information on specifying time values, refer to the OpenVMS User's Manual or the online help topic DCL_Tips (subtopic Date_Time).



Controls whether the following statistics about the search are displayed:
  • Number of files searched
  • Number of records searched
  • Number of characters searched
  • Number of records matched
  • Number of lines printed
  • Buffered I/O count
  • Direct I/O count
  • Number of page faults
  • Elapsed CPU time
  • Elapsed time


Specifies the file name format for display purposes.

The valid keywords for this qualifier are CONDENSED and EXPANDED. Descriptions are as follows:

Keyword Explanation
CONDENSED (default) Displays the file name representation of what is generated to fit into a 255-length character string. This file name may contain a DID or FID abbreviation in the file specification.
EXPANDED Displays the file name representation of what is stored on disk. This file name does not contain any DID or FID abbreviations.

The keywords CONDENSED and EXPANDED are mutually exclusive. This qualifier specifies which file name format is displayed in the output message, along with the confirmation if requested.

File errors are displayed with the CONDENSED file specification unless the EXPANDED keyword is specified.

Refer to the OpenVMS User's Manual for more information.

/WARNINGS (default)


Allows or disallows the following messages to be displayed when search operations are performed:


/NOWINDOW (default)

Specifies the number of lines to be displayed with the search string.

If you specify n1 and n2, the /WINDOW qualifier displays n1 lines above the search string, the search string, and n2 lines below the search string. Either of these numbers can be zero.

If you specify the /WINDOW qualifier without the values n1 and n2, two lines above the search string, the search string, and the two lines below the search string are included in the output.

If you specify the /WINDOW qualifier with a single number (n1), n1 specifies the number of lines to display including the search string. Half the lines precede the matched search string and half follow it. (If n1 is even, one line is added to the lines following the matched search string.)

For example, if you specify /WINDOW=10, nine additional lines are listed along with the line containing the search string. Four lines are listed above the line containing the search string and five lines are listed below it, for a total of 10 lines.

If you specify /WINDOW=0, the file name of each file containing a match (but no records) is included in the output. This specification creates a file (using the /OUTPUT qualifier) that can be inserted into a command file to manipulate the files containing matches.

If you omit the /WINDOW qualifier, only the line containing a match is displayed.

The /WINDOW qualifier displays a line of 30 asterisks to separate each window within a file.


/NOWRAP (default)

Use with the /PAGE=SAVE qualifier to limit the number of columns to the width of the screen and to wrap lines that extend beyond the width of the screen to the next line.

The /NOWRAP qualifier extends lines beyond the width of the screen and can be seen when you use the scrolling (left and right) features provided by the /PAGE=SAVE qualifier.




This command searches the files CABLE.MEM and JOYNER.MEM for occurrences of the character string MANUAL TITLE. Each line containing the string is displayed at the terminal. It is necessary to enclose the string in quotation marks because it contains a space character.



The SEARCH command searches the file DISLIST.MEM for occurrences of the character string NAME and sends the output to the file RESULTS.DAT. The four lines preceding and following each occurrence of NAME are included in the output.



The SEARCH command searches all command files in the current directory for the string SUBMIT. If a match is found, SEARCH effectively copies the entire command file to the output file, because the window is so large.



The SEARCH command searches all files of type DAT for lines containing both COLUMBUS and OH. When a match is found, the three previous lines (containing blank line, name, and street address) are copied to the new file. The new file COLUMBUS.OH is ready to use, because it does not contain headings and window separators.



This SEARCH command produces a listing file with the line numbers at the left margin. The /FORMAT=PASSALL qualifier is specified so that form-feed characters in the source are passed through. The /EXACT qualifier is specified for efficiency (because it is known that the name SWAP in the program statement is always in uppercase). The /WINDOW qualifier is entered so that the entire file is copied to the output file SWAP.LIS.



The SEARCH command displays all the lines in the CABLE.LOG file that follow the first occurrence of the string FORTRAN.



The SEARCH command searches through the files SUB.DAT and DATA.LIS at remote node OMAHA for all occurrences of the string VAX. The list of all records containing the string VAX is displayed at the local terminal.


Defines or changes the session, batch job, or system values or characteristics. See the Description for each command for details.


SET option


The SET command options are described individually in this manual. Table DCLII-15 lists all the SET command options, including those generally reserved for use by system operators and managers.

Table DCLII-15 SET Command Options
Option Function
ACCOUNTING Controls the current accounting file.
AUDIT Provides the management interface to the security auditing system.
BROADCAST Determines which messages will be broadcast to SYS$OUTPUT.
CACHE/RESET Resets systemwide I/O caching statistics for the extended file cache (XFC).
CARD_READER Defines the default ASCII translation mode for a card reader.
CLUSTER/EXPECTED_VOTES Sets the total expected votes in the OpenVMS Cluster to a value that you specify or, if no value is specified, sets the total votes to a value determined by the system.
COMMAND Adds commands that are defined in a command description file to your process command set or a command tables file.
CONTROL Enables or disables interrupts caused by Ctrl/T or Ctrl/Y.
CPU Changes the user capabilities associated with the specified CPUs.
DAY Overrides the default day type specified in the user authorization file (UAF).
DEFAULT Establishes a device and directory as the current default for file specifications.
DEVICE Defines device characteristics.
DEVICE/SERVED Lets you make a disk on a local node available to all the nodes on an OpenVMS Cluster.
DIRECTORY Modifies the characteristics of one or more directories.
DISPLAY Redirects the output of a DECwindows application.
ENTRY Changes the current status or attributes of a job not currently executing in a queue.
FILE Modifies the characteristics of one or more files.
HOST Connects your terminal (through the current host processor) to another processor, called the remote processor.
HOST/DTE Connects your system to a remote system by way of an outgoing terminal line.
HOST/DUP Connects your terminal to a storage controller through the appropriate bus for that controller.
HOST/HSC Connects your terminal to a remote HSC50 disk and tape controller through the computer interconnect (CI) bus.
HOST/LAT Connects your terminal to a specified service available in the local area network (LAN), establishing one session for communication between your terminal and that service.
HOST/RLOGIN Allows you to log in to a remote host over a TCP/IP connection and start an interactive terminal session by accessing the RLOGIN application.
HOST/TELNET Connects you to a remote host over a TCP/IP connection by invoking the TELNET application.
HOST/TN3270 Connects you to a remote IBM host over a TCP/IP connection, causing the local keyboard to emulate an IBM 3279-class terminal keyboard by invoking the TN3270 terminal emulator.
KEY Changes the current keypad state setting.
LOGINS Allows or disallows users to log in to the system.
MAGTAPE Defines characteristics of a magnetic tape device.
MESSAGE Overrides or supplements system messages.
NETWORK Registers the attributes of a network service.
ON Controls whether the command interpreter checks for an error condition following the execution of commands in a command procedure.
OUTPUT_RATE Sets the rate at which output is written to a batch job log file.
PASSWORD Lets users change their own passwords; lets system managers change the system password.
PREFIX Allows you to set a prefix control string for verified command lines.
PRINTER Defines printer characteristics.
PROCESS Defines execution characteristics of the current process.
PROMPT Defines the DCL prompt.
PROTECTION/DEFAULT Establishes the default protection to be applied to all files subsequently created.
QUEUE Changes the current status or attributes of the specified queue.
RESTART_VALUE Establishes a test value for restarting portions of batch jobs.
RIGHTS_LIST Lets users modify the process rights list; lets privileged users modify the system rights list.
RMS_DEFAULT Provides default multiblock and multibuffer count values to be used by RMS for file operations.
SECURITY Modifies the security profile of an object.
SERVER Controls starting, stopping, and restarting of the security, ACME, and Registry servers.
SHADOW Changes the characteristics of shadow sets created using Volume Shadowing for OpenVMS.
SYMBOL Controls access to local and global symbols in command procedures.
TERMINAL Defines terminal characteristics.
TIME Resets the system clock to the specified value.
VERIFY Controls whether the command interpreter displays lines in command procedures as it executes them.
VOLUME Modifies the characteristics of one or more Files-11 volumes.
WORKING_SET Changes the current working set limit or quota.


Controls the current accounting file.

Requires OPER (operator) privilege.






Each node on your system has its own current accounting file. You can control what resources this file tracks, and start up a new version of this file using the SET ACCOUNTING command.

There are two occasions when the resources used by a process are not tracked, despite the SET ACCOUNTING command:

  • When you use the RUN (Process) command with the /NOACCOUNTING qualifier.
  • When you use the $CREPRC system service with the PRC$M_NOACNT status flag.

Similarly, there is one occasion when the resources used by an image are always tracked, despite the SET ACCOUNTING command:

  • When you install an image using the /ACCOUNTING qualifier of the Install utility.

For more information on how to use the SET ACCOUNTING command, refer to the HP OpenVMS System Manager's Manual.



Prevents the tracking of the resources specified by the keywords.

Table DCLII-16 lists the keywords you can use to specify the type of resource.

Table DCLII-16 SET ACCOUNTING Keywords for Resource Types
Keyword Type of Resource
IMAGE Resources used by an image
LOGIN_FAILURE Resources used by an unsuccessful attempt to log in
MESSAGE Unformatted record written to the accounting file by a call to the $SNDJBC system service
PRINT Resources used by a print job
PROCESS Resources used by a process

You do not need to stop the tracking of all processes and images. You can prevent resources being tracked for specific types of process and for images running in these types of process.

Table DCLII-17 lists the keywords you can use to specify the type of process.

Table DCLII-17 SET ACCOUNTING Keywords for Process Types
Keyword Type of Process
BATCH Batch process
DETACHED Detached process
INTERACTIVE Interactive process
NETWORK Network process
SUBPROCESS Subprocess (the parent process can be a batch, detached, network, or interactive process)

If the system is no longer tracking any resources, /DISABLE closes the current accounting file.

If you use the /DISABLE qualifier and omit the keywords, the current accounting file does not track any resources, and the system closes the file.


Enables the tracking of the specified resources, and opens the current accounting file if it is not already open. The /ENABLE qualifier uses the same keywords as the /DISABLE qualifier.

Use the keywords shown in Table DCLII-16 to specify the types of resource that you want the local node to track in its current accounting file.

If the resources used by processes or images are being tracked, you can use the keywords shown in Table DCLII-17 to enable the tracking of these resources for specified types of process and for images running in those types of process.

If you use the /ENABLE qualifier and omit the keywords, the current accounting file tracks all resources.


Writes information to the current SYS$OUTPUT device as the command executes.


Closes the current accounting file, and starts up a new version of it.

The name of the new file depends on whether the logical name ACCOUNTNG is defined in your system logical name table.

If this logical name is not defined, the SET ACCOUNTING command opens the file SYS$MANAGER:ACCOUNTNG.DAT.

If this logical name is defined, the command opens the file that this logical name points to. If you omit the directory, SYS$MANAGER is the default, and if you omit the file type, .DAT is the default.

The /NEW_FILE qualifier writes a record to the end of the old file that contains a forward pointer to the new file, and a record to the beginning of the new file that contains a backward pointer to the old file. These records contain the names of the new and old files respectively.





This example tells the system to track the resources used only by batch and interactive processes, and by images running in batch and interactive processes. It illustrates the cumulative effect of /ENABLE and /DISABLE qualifiers, and of SET ACCOUNTING commands.

The /DISABLE qualifier prevents the tracking of all resources. The /ENABLE qualifier then tells the system to track the resources used by batch and interactive processes. The second SET ACCOUNTING command tells the system to track the resources used by images.




This example closes the current accounting file, opens a new version of it, and changes the name of the old file to WEEK_24_RESOURCES.DAT.

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