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16.5.6 Displaying Jobs in Batch Queues

Once a job has been entered in a batch job queue, you can monitor its status with the SHOW ENTRY command or the SHOW QUEUE command. If you have no jobs in the queue, the system displays the following message:

Batch queue BOSTON_BATCH, on BOSTON::

To see complete information on your jobs, use the /FULL qualifier with the SHOW ENTRY or SHOW QUEUE command. To see the status of other jobs in the queue, use the SHOW QUEUE/ALL command.

In the following example, entry number 999 is displayed:

Job EXCHAN (queue SYS$BATCH entry 999) started on SYS$BATCH

  Entry  Jobname         Username     Blocks  Status
  -----  -------         --------     ------  ------
    999  EXCHAN          BLASS             3  Executing
         On batch queue SYS$BATCH

Job UPDATE (queue SYS$BATCH entry 1080) started on BOSTON_BATCH
Batch queue BOSTON_BATCH on BOSTON::

  Entry  Jobname         Username     Blocks  Status
  -----  -------         --------     ------  ------
   1080  UPDATE          ODONNELL         36  Executing

In the next example, the /FULL qualifier displays statistics about BOSTON_BATCH and characteristics associated with job number 999:


  Entry  Jobname         Username     Blocks  Status
  -----  -------         --------     ------  ------
    999  EXCHAN          BLASS             3  Executing
         On batch queue BOSTON_BATCH
         Submitted 11-DEC-1999 13:12 /PRIORITY=100

Batch queue BOSTON_BATCH, on BOSTON::

  Entry  Jobname         Username     Blocks  Status
  -----  -------         --------     ------  ------
   1080  UPDATE          ODONNELL         36  Executing
    Submitted 11-DEC-1999 10:46 /KEEP /PARAM=("STATS.DAT") /NOPRINTER /PRIO=4
    _BOSTON$DQA2:[ODONNELL]TEMP.COM;1 (executing)

In the following example, the SHOW QUEUE/ALL command is used to display all jobs in the BOSTON_BATCH queue:

Batch queue BOSTON_BATCH on BOSTON::

  Entry  Jobname         Username             Status
  -----  -------         --------             ------
    923  no privilege                         Executing
    939  no privilege                         Holding until 11-DEC-1999 19:00
   1080  UPDATE          ODONNELL             Executing

Note that, unless you are a privileged user, your information is limited to jobs submitted under your account.

16.5.7 Deleting and Stopping Batch Jobs

You can delete batch jobs before or during execution. To delete an entry that is pending or already executing in a batch queue, use the DELETE/ENTRY command. You need special privileges to delete a job that you did not submit. When a job terminates as a result of a DELETE/ENTRY command, the log file is neither printed nor deleted from your directory.

When you terminate a job using the DELETE/ENTRY command, it is handled as an abnormal termination because the operating system's normal job termination activity is preempted. As a result, the batch job log does not, for example, contain the standard logout message that summarizes job time and accounting information. Termination that results either from an explicit EXIT command or STOP command or the implicit execution of either of these commands (as the result of the current ON condition), however, is considered normal termination. The operating system performs proper rundown and accounting procedures after a normal termination.

The following command deletes the job entry 210 in SYS$BATCH:


16.5.8 Restarting Batch Jobs

If the system fails while your batch job is executing, your job does not complete. When the system recovers and the queue is restarted, your job is aborted and the next job in the queue is executed. However, by specifying the /RESTART qualifier when you submit a batch job, you indicate that the system should reexecute your job if the system fails before the job is finished.

By default, a batch job is reexecuted beginning with the first line. See Chapter 13 and Chapter 14 for more information about symbols you can add to your command procedures to specify a different restarting point.

In addition to restarting a job after a system failure, you can also restart a job after you explicitly stop the job. To stop a job and then restart it on the same or a different queue, use the STOP/QUEUE/REQUEUE/ENTRY command.

The command shown in this example stops job 212 on SYS$BATCH and requeues it on SYS$BATCH.


To enter this command, job 212 must have been submitted using the /RESTART qualifier to the SUBMIT command. When the batch job executes for the second time, the system uses the global symbol BATCH$RESTART to determine where to begin executing the job.

16.5.9 Synchronizing Batch Job Execution

You can use the SYNCHRONIZE and WAIT commands within a command procedure to place the procedure in a wait state. The SYNCHRONIZE command causes the procedure to wait for the completion of a specified job. The WAIT command causes the procedure to wait for a specified period of time to elapse.

If you specify a job name with the SYNCHRONIZE command, note that the jobs to be synchronized must be associated with your user name. (A job is associated with the user name of the process that submits it.) To synchronize jobs for different users, you must use the /ENTRY qualifier with the SYNCHRONIZE command to specify the job entry number.

In the following example, if two jobs are submitted concurrently to perform cooperative functions, one job can contain the following command:


After this command is executed, the command procedure cannot continue execution until the job identified by the job name BATCH25 completes execution.

This SYNCHRONIZE command places the current command procedure in a wait state until job 454 completes:


Figure 16-1 is an example of command procedures that are submitted for concurrent execution but must be synchronized for proper execution. Each procedure compiles a large source program.

Figure 16-1 Synchronizing Batch Job Execution

As you examine the example, note the following:

  1. Individual SUBMIT commands are required to submit two separate jobs. The first process is created.
  2. After the FORTRAN command is executed, the SYNCHRONIZE command is executed. If job 315 is either current or pending, job 314 will not execute the next command.
  3. If job 315 has completed execution, job 314 continues with the next command.

16.5.10 Using the WAIT Command

The WAIT command is useful for command procedures that must have access to a shared system resource such as a disk or tape drive.

The following example shows a procedure that requests the allocation of a tape drive:

$ TRY:
$      WAIT 00:05
$      GOTO TRY
     "Please mount BACK_UP_GMB on ''F$TRNLNM("RK")'"

If the WAIT command does not complete successfully, the procedure places itself in a wait state. After a 5-minute interval, it retries the request.

The IF command following the ALLOCATE request checks the value of $STATUS. If the value of $STATUS indicates successful completion, the command procedure continues. Otherwise, the procedure executes the WAIT command; the WAIT command specifies a time interval of five minutes. After waiting five minutes, the next command, GOTO, is executed and the request is repeated. This procedure continues looping and attempting to allocate a device until it succeeds or until the batch job is deleted or stopped.

Appendix A
Character Sets

The DEC Multinational Character Set (MCS) consists of a definition of the characters identified by hexadecimal values 00 through FF, inclusive, that was created and used by Digital Equipment Corporation. The DEC MCS is divided into two parts, the ASCII 7-bit character set (identified by hexadecimal values 00 through 7F, inclusive), and the set of 8-bit characters identified by hexadecimal values 80 through FF, inclusive. The DEC MCS is familiar to most users of software created and sold by DIGITAL.

The Unicode Standard Character Set (UCS-2) is a definition, by The Unicode Consortium, of the set of 16-bit characters that can be identified by hexadecimal values 0000 through FFFF, inclusive.

The ISO Latin-1 character set is the UCS-2 definition of the 8-bit characters identified by hexadecimal values 00 through FF, inclusive. The ISO Latin-1 character set definition differs slightly from the DEC MCS definition of the hexadecimal values 80 through FF.

Table A-1 contains the DEC Multinational Character Set (MCS). Table A-1 indicates the characters that differ between the two character sets, and Figure A-1 shows the differing characters.

Table A-2 lists the characters in the DCL character set.

See The Unicode Standard, published by The Unicode Consortium, for details about the Unicode (UCS-2) character set.

Table A-1 DEC Multinational Character Set
Hex Code MCS Char or Abbrev. DEC Multinational Character Name
ASCII Control Characters1
00 NUL null character
01 SOH start of heading (Ctrl/A)
02 STX start of text (Ctrl/B)
03 ETX end of text (Ctrl/C)
04 EOT end of transmission (Ctrl/D)
05 ENQ enquiry (Ctrl/E)
06 ACK acknowledge (Ctrl/F)
07 BEL bell (Ctrl/G)
08 BS backspace (Ctrl/H)
09 HT horizontal tabulation (Ctrl/I)
0A LF line feed (Ctrl/J)
0B VT vertical tabulation (Ctrl/K)
0C FF form feed (Ctrl/L)
0D CR carriage return (Ctrl/M)
0E SO shift out (Ctrl/N)
0F SI shift in (Ctrl/O)
10 DLE data link escape (Ctrl/P)
11 DC1 device control 1 (Ctrl/Q)
12 DC2 device control 2 (Ctrl/R)
13 DC3 device control 3 (Ctrl/S)
14 DC4 device control 4 (Ctrl/T)
15 NAK negative acknowlege (Ctrl/U)
16 SYN synchronous idle (Ctrl/V)
17 ETB end of transmission block (Ctrl/W)
18 CAN cancel (Ctrl/X)
19 EM end of medium (Ctrl/Y)
1A SUB substitute (Ctrl/Z)
1B ESC escape
1C FS file separator
1D GS group separator
1E RS record separator
1F US unit separator
ASCII Special and Numeric Characters
20 SP space
21 ! exclamation point
22 " quotation marks (double quote)
23 # number sign
24 $ dollar sign
25 % percent sign
26 & ampersand
27 ' apostrophe (single quote)
28 ( opening parenthesis
29 ) closing parenthesis
2A * asterisk
2B + plus
2C , comma
2D -- hyphen or minus
2E . period or decimal point
2F / slash
30 0 zero
31 1 one
32 2 two
33 3 three
34 4 four
35 5 five
36 6 six
37 7 seven
38 8 eight
39 9 nine
3A : colon
3B ; semicolon
3C < less than
3D = equals
3E > greater than
3F ? question mark
ASCII Alphabetic Characters
40 @ commercial at sign
41 A uppercase A
42 B uppercase B
43 C uppercase C
44 D uppercase D
45 E uppercase E
46 F uppercase F
47 G uppercase G
48 H uppercase H
49 I uppercase I
4A J uppercase J
4B K uppercase K
4C L uppercase L
4D M uppercase M
4E N uppercase N
4F O uppercase O
50 P uppercase P
51 Q uppercase Q
52 R uppercase R
53 S uppercase S
54 T uppercase T
55 U uppercase U
56 V uppercase V
57 W uppercase W
58 X uppercase X
59 Y uppercase Y
5A Z uppercase Z
5B [ left bracket
5C \ backslash
5D ] right bracket
5E ^ circumflex
5F _ underscore
60 ` grave accent
61 a lowercase a
62 b lowercase b
63 c lowercase c
64 d lowercase d
65 e lowercase e
66 f lowercase f
67 g lowercase g
68 h lowercase h
69 i lowercase i
6A j lowercase j
6B k lowercase k
6C l lowercase l
6D m lowercase m
6E n lowercase n
6F o lowercase o
70 p lowercase p
71 q lowercase q
72 r lowercase r
73 s lowercase s
74 t lowercase t
75 u lowercase u
76 v lowercase v
77 w lowercase w
78 x lowercase x
79 y lowercase y
7A z lowercase z
7B { left brace
7C | vertical line
7D } right brace (ALTMODE)
7E ~ tilde (ALTMODE)
7F DEL rubout (DELETE)
Control Characters
80   [reserved]
81   [reserved]
82   [reserved]
83   [reserved]
84 IND index
85 NEL next line
86 SSA start of selected area
87 ESA end of selected area
88 HTS horizontal tab set
89 HTJ horizontal tab set with justification
8A VTS vertical tab set
8B PLD partial line down
8C PLU partial line up
8D RI reverse index
8E SS2 single shift 2
8F SS3 single shift 3
90 DCS device control string
91 PU1 private use 1
92 PU2 private use 2
93 STS set transmit state
94 CCH cancel character
95 MW message waiting
96 SPA start of protected area
97 EPA end of protected area
98   [reserved]
99   [reserved]
9A   [reserved]
9B CSI control sequence introducer
9C ST string terminator
9D OSC operating system command
9E PM privacy message
9F APC application
Other Characters
A0   [reserved] 2
A1 ¡ inverted exclamation point
A2 ¢ cent sign
A3 £ pound sign
A4   [reserved] 2
A5 ¥ yen sign
A6   [reserved] 2
A7 § section sign
A8 ¤ general currency sign 2
A9 © copyright sign
AA ª feminine ordinal indicator
AB « angle quotation mark left
AC   [reserved] 2
AD   [reserved] 2
AE   [reserved] 2
AF   [reserved] 2
B0 ° degree sign
B1 ± plus/minus sign
B2 ² superscript 2
B3 ³ superscript 3
B4   [reserved] 2
B5 µ micro sign
B6 paragraph sign, pilcrow
B7 · middle dot
B8   [reserved] 2
B9 ¹ superscript 1
BA º masculine ordinal indicator
BB » angle quotation mark right
BC ¼ fraction one-quarter
BD ½ fraction one-half
BE   [reserved] 2
BF ¿ inverted question mark
C0 À uppercase A with grave accent
C1 Á uppercase A with acute accent
C2 Â uppercase A with circumflex
C3 Ã uppercase A with tilde
C4 Ä uppercase A with umlaut (diaeresis)
C5 Å uppercase A with ring
C6 Æ uppercase AE diphthong
C7 Ç uppercase C with cedilla
C8 È uppercase E with grave accent
C9 É uppercase E with acute accent
CA Ê uppercase E with circumflex
CB Ë uppercase E with umlaut (diaeresis)
CC Ì uppercase I with grave accent
CD Í uppercase I with acute accent
CE Î uppercase I with circumflex
CF Ï uppercase I with umlaut (diaeresis)
D0   [reserved] 2
D1 Ñ uppercase N with tilde
D2 Ò uppercase O with grave accent
D3 Ó uppercase O with acute accent
D4 Ô uppercase O with circumflex
D5 Õ uppercase O with tilde
D6 Ö uppercase O with umlaut (diaeresis)
D7 OE uppercase OE ligature 2
D8 Ø uppercase O with slash
D9 Ù uppercase U with grave accent
DA Ú uppercase U with acute accent
DB Û uppercase U with circumflex
DC Ü uppercase U with umlaut (diaeresis)
DD Y uppercase Y with umlaut (diaeresis)
DE   [reserved] 2
DF ß German lowercase sharp s
E0 à lowercase a with grave accent
E1 á lowercase a with acute accent
E2 â lowercase a with circumflex
E3 ã lowercase a with tilde
E4 ä lowercase a with umlaut (diaeresis)
E5 å lowercase a with ring
E6 æ lowercase ae diphthong
E7 ç lowercase c with cedilla
E8 è lowercase e with grave accent
E9 é lowercase e with acute accent
EA ê lowercase e with circumflex
EB ë lowercase e with umlaut (diaeresis)
EC ì lowercase i with grave accent
ED í lowercase i with acute accent
EE î lowercase i with circumflex
EF ï lowercase i with umlaut (diaeresis)
F0   [reserved] 2
F1 ñ lowercase n with tilde
F2 ò lowercase o with grave accent
F3 ó lowercase o with acute accent
F4 ô lowercase o with circumflex
F5 õ lowercase o with tilde
F6 ö lowercase o with umlaut (diaeresis)
F7 oe lowercase oe ligature 2
F8 ø lowercase o with slash
F9 ù lowercase u with grave accent
FA ú lowercase u with acute accent
FB û lowercase u with circumflex
FC ü lowercase u with umlaut (diaeresis)
FD ÿ lowercase y with umlaut (diaeresis) 2
FE   [reserved] 2
FF   [reserved] 2

1The ALTMODE and DELETE characters (decimal 125, 126, and 127) are also control characters.
2Different character in ISO Latin-1. See Figure A-1.

Figure A-1 Differences Between DEC Multinational Character Set and ISO Latin-1 Character Set

Table A-2 DCL Character Set
Symbol Name Meaning
@ At sign Places the contents of a command procedure file in the command input stream.
: Colon Device name delimiter in a file specification. A double colon (::) is a node name delimiter. A colon also acts as a qualifier delimiter. It separates a qualifier name from its value.
/ Slash Qualifier prefix.
+ Plus sign Parameter separator. With some commands it acts as a parameter concatenator. The plus sign is also recognized as a string concatenation operator, a unary plus sign, and an addition operator in a numeric expression.
, Comma List element separator for parameters or argument lists.
- Hyphen Continuation character. The hyphen is also recognized as a string reduction operator, a unary minus sign, a subtraction operator in a numeric expression, and a directory-searching wildcard character.
( ) Parentheses List delimiters for argument list. Parentheses are also used to indicate the order of operations in a numeric expression.
[ ] Square brackets Directory name delimiters in a file specification. Equivalent to angle brackets.
<> Angle brackets Directory name delimiters in a file specification. Equivalent to square brackets.
? Question mark Help character.
& Ampersand Execution-time substitution operator. Otherwise, a reserved special character.
\ Backslash Reserved special character.
= Equal sign Qualifier value delimiter. It separates a qualifier name from its argument. The equal sign (=) can also be used as an assignment statement when defining symbols.
^ Circumflex Reserved special character.
# Number sign Reserved special character.
* Asterisk Wildcard character in a file specification. The asterisk is also used as a multiplication operator in a numeric expression and as an abbreviation delimiter in a symbol definition.
' Apostrophe Substitution operator.
. Period File type and version number delimiter in a file specification. Also used as a subdirectory delimiter.
; Semicolon Version number delimiter in a file specification.
% Percent sign Wildcard character in a file specification. Also used as a radix operator.
! Exclamation point Indicates a comment.
" Quotation mark Literal string delimiter.

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